1: #ifndef lint
   2: static char *sccsid = "@(#)sortbib.c	4.1 (Berkeley) 5/6/83";
   3: #endif
   4: 
   5: #include <stdio.h>
   6: #include <signal.h>
   7: #define BUF BUFSIZ
   8: #define MXFILES 16
   9: 
  10: char *tempfile;         /* temporary file for sorting keys */
  11: char *keystr = "AD";        /* default sorting on author and date */
  12: int multauth = 0;       /* by default sort on senior author only */
  13: int oneauth;            /* has there been author in the record? */
  14: 
  15: main(argc, argv)    /* sortbib: sort bibliographic database in place */
  16: int argc;
  17: char *argv[];
  18: {
  19:     FILE *fp[MXFILES], *tfp, *fopen();
  20:     int i, onintr();
  21:     char *mktemp();
  22: 
  23:     if (argc == 1)      /* can't use stdin for seeking anyway */
  24:     {
  25:         puts("Usage:  sortbib [-sKEYS] database [...]");
  26:         puts("\t-s: sort by fields in KEYS (default is AD)");
  27:         exit(1);
  28:     }
  29:     if (argc > 2 && argv[1][0] == '-' && argv[1][1] == 's')
  30:     {
  31:         keystr = argv[1]+2;
  32:         eval(keystr);       /* evaluate A+ for multiple authors */
  33:         argv++; argc--;
  34:     }
  35:     if (argc > MXFILES+1)   /* too many open file streams */
  36:     {
  37:         fprintf(stderr,
  38:         "sortbib: More than %d databases specified\n", MXFILES);
  39:         exit(1);
  40:     }
  41:     for (i = 1; i < argc; i++)      /* open files in arg list */
  42:         if ((fp[i-1] = fopen(argv[i], "r")) == NULL)
  43:             error(argv[i]);
  44:     tempfile = "/tmp/SbibXXXXX";        /* tempfile for sorting keys */
  45:     mktemp(tempfile);
  46:     if (signal(SIGINT,SIG_IGN) != SIG_IGN)  /* remove if interrupted */
  47:         signal(SIGINT, onintr);
  48:     if ((tfp = fopen(tempfile, "w")) == NULL)
  49:         error(tempfile);
  50:     for (i = 0; i < argc-1; i++)        /* read keys from bib files */
  51:         sortbib(fp[i], tfp, i);
  52:     fclose(tfp);
  53:     deliver(fp, tfp);   /* do disk seeks and read from biblio files */
  54:     unlink(tempfile);
  55:     exit(0);
  56: }
  57: 
  58: int rsmode = 0;     /* record separator: 1 = null line, 2 = bracket */
  59: 
  60: sortbib(fp, tfp, i) /* read records, prepare list for sorting */
  61: FILE *fp, *tfp;
  62: int i;
  63: {
  64:     long offset, lastoffset = 0, ftell();   /* byte offsets in file */
  65:     int length, newrec, recno = 0;      /* reclen, new rec'd?, number */
  66:     char line[BUF], fld[4][BUF];        /* one line, the sort fields */
  67: 
  68:     /* measure byte offset, then get new line */
  69:     while (offset = ftell(fp), fgets(line, BUF, fp))
  70:     {
  71:         if (recno == 0)     /* accept record w/o initial newline */
  72:             newrec = 1;
  73:         if (line[0] == '\n')    /* accept null line record separator */
  74:         {
  75:             if (!rsmode)
  76:                 rsmode = 1; /* null line mode */
  77:             if (rsmode == 1)
  78:                 newrec = 1;
  79:         }
  80:         if (line[0] == '.' && line[1] == '[')   /* also accept .[ .] */
  81:         {
  82:             if (!rsmode)
  83:                 rsmode = 2; /* bracket pair mode */
  84:             if (rsmode == 2)
  85:                 newrec = 1;
  86:         }
  87:         if (newrec)     /* by whatever means above */
  88:         {
  89:             newrec = 0;
  90:             length = offset - lastoffset;   /* measure rec len */
  91:             if (length > BUF*8)
  92:             {
  93:                 fprintf(stderr,
  94:                 "sortbib: record %d longer than %d (%d)\n",
  95:                     recno, BUF*8, length);
  96:                 exit(1);
  97:             }
  98:             if (recno++)            /* info for sorting */
  99:             {
 100:                 fprintf(tfp, "%d %D %d : %s %s %s %s\n",
 101:                     i, lastoffset, length,
 102:                     fld[0], fld[1], fld[2], fld[3]);
 103:                 if (ferror(tfp))
 104:                     error(tempfile);
 105:             }
 106:             *fld[0] = *fld[1] = *fld[2] = *fld[3] = NULL;
 107:             oneauth = 0;        /* reset number of authors */
 108:             lastoffset = offset;    /* save for next time */
 109:         }
 110:         if (line[0] == '%') /* parse out fields to be sorted */
 111:             parse(line, fld);
 112:     }
 113:     offset = ftell(fp);     /* measure byte offset at EOF */
 114:     length = offset - lastoffset;   /* measure final record length */
 115:     if (length > BUF*8)
 116:     {
 117:         fprintf(stderr, "sortbib: record %d longer than %d (%d)\n",
 118:             recno, BUF*8, length);
 119:         exit(1);
 120:     }
 121:     if (line[0] != '\n')        /* ignore null line just before EOF */
 122:     {
 123:         fprintf(tfp, "%d %D %d : %s %s %s %s\n",
 124:             i, lastoffset, length,
 125:             fld[0], fld[1], fld[2], fld[3]);
 126:         if (ferror(tfp))
 127:             error(tempfile);    /* disk error in /tmp */
 128:     }
 129: }
 130: 
 131: deliver(fp, tfp)    /* deliver sorted entries out of database(s) */
 132: FILE *fp[], *tfp;
 133: {
 134:     char str[BUF], buff[BUF*8]; /* for tempfile & databases */
 135:     char cmd[80], *sprintf();   /* for using system sort command */
 136:     long int offset;
 137:     int i, length;
 138: 
 139:     /* when sorting, ignore case distinctions; tab char is ':' */
 140:     sprintf(cmd, "sort -ft: +1 %s -o %s", tempfile, tempfile);
 141:     if (system(cmd) == 127)
 142:         error("sortbib");
 143:     tfp = fopen(tempfile, "r");
 144:     while (fgets(str, sizeof(str), tfp))
 145:     {
 146:         /* get file pointer, record offset, and length */
 147:         if (sscanf(str, "%d %D %d :", &i, &offset, &length) != 3)
 148:             error("sortbib: sorting error");
 149:         /* seek to proper disk location in proper file */
 150:         if (fseek(fp[i], offset, 0) == -1)
 151:             error("sortbib");
 152:         /* read exactly one record from bibliography */
 153:         if (fread(buff, sizeof(*buff), length, fp[i]) == 0)
 154:             error("sortbib");
 155:         /* add newline between unseparated records */
 156:         if (buff[0] != '\n' && rsmode == 1)
 157:             putchar('\n');
 158:         /* write record buffer to standard output */
 159:         if (fwrite(buff, sizeof(*buff), length, stdout) == 0)
 160:             error("sortbib");
 161:     }
 162: }
 163: 
 164: parse(line, fld)    /* get fields out of line, prepare for sorting */
 165: char line[];
 166: char fld[][BUF];
 167: {
 168:     char wd[8][BUF/4], *strcat();
 169:     int n, i, j;
 170: 
 171:     for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)     /* zap out old strings */
 172:         *wd[i] = NULL;
 173:     n = sscanf(line, "%s %s %s %s %s %s %s %s",
 174:         wd[0], wd[1], wd[2], wd[3], wd[4], wd[5], wd[6], wd[7]);
 175:     for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
 176:     {
 177:         if (wd[0][1] == keystr[i])
 178:         {
 179:             if (wd[0][1] == 'A')
 180:             {
 181:                 if (oneauth && !multauth)   /* no repeat */
 182:                     break;
 183:                 else if (oneauth)       /* mult auths */
 184:                     strcat(fld[i], "~~");
 185:                 if (!endcomma(wd[n-2]))     /* surname */
 186:                     strcat(fld[i], wd[n-1]);
 187:                 else {              /* jr. or ed. */
 188:                     strcat(fld[i], wd[n-2]);
 189:                     n--;
 190:                 }
 191:                 strcat(fld[i], " ");
 192:                 for (j = 1; j < n-1; j++)
 193:                     strcat(fld[i], wd[j]);
 194:                 oneauth = 1;
 195:             }
 196:             else if (wd[0][1] == 'D')
 197:             {
 198:                 strcat(fld[i], wd[n-1]);    /* year */
 199:                 if (n > 2)
 200:                     strcat(fld[i], wd[1]);  /* month */
 201:             }
 202:             else if (wd[0][1] == 'T' || wd[0][1] == 'J')
 203:             {
 204:                 j = 1;
 205:                 if (article(wd[1])) /* skip article */
 206:                     j++;
 207:                 for (; j < n; j++)
 208:                     strcat(fld[i], wd[j]);
 209:             }
 210:             else  /* any other field */
 211:                 for (j = 1; j < n; j++)
 212:                     strcat(fld[i], wd[j]);
 213:         }
 214:         /* %Q quorporate or queer author - unreversed %A */
 215:         else if (wd[0][1] == 'Q' && keystr[i] == 'A')
 216:             for (j = 1; j < n; j++)
 217:                 strcat(fld[i], wd[j]);
 218:     }
 219: }
 220: 
 221: article(str)        /* see if string contains an article */
 222: char *str;
 223: {
 224:     if (strcmp("The", str) == 0)    /* English */
 225:         return(1);
 226:     if (strcmp("A", str) == 0)
 227:         return(1);
 228:     if (strcmp("An", str) == 0)
 229:         return(1);
 230:     if (strcmp("Le", str) == 0) /* French */
 231:         return(1);
 232:     if (strcmp("La", str) == 0)
 233:         return(1);
 234:     if (strcmp("Der", str) == 0)    /* German */
 235:         return(1);
 236:     if (strcmp("Die", str) == 0)
 237:         return(1);
 238:     if (strcmp("Das", str) == 0)
 239:         return(1);
 240:     if (strcmp("El", str) == 0) /* Spanish */
 241:         return(1);
 242:     if (strcmp("Den", str) == 0)    /* Scandinavian */
 243:         return(1);
 244:     return(0);
 245: }
 246: 
 247: eval(keystr)        /* evaluate key string for A+ marking */
 248: char keystr[];
 249: {
 250:     int i, j;
 251: 
 252:     for (i = 0, j = 0; keystr[i]; i++, j++)
 253:     {
 254:         if (keystr[i] == '+')
 255:         {
 256:             multauth = 1;
 257:             i++;
 258:         }
 259:         keystr[j] = keystr[i];
 260:     }
 261:     keystr[j] = NULL;
 262: }
 263: 
 264: error(s)        /* exit in case of various system errors */
 265: char *s;
 266: {
 267:     perror(s);
 268:     exit(1);
 269: }
 270: 
 271: onintr()        /* remove tempfile in case of interrupt */
 272: {
 273:     fprintf(stderr, "\nInterrupt\n");
 274:     unlink(tempfile);
 275:     exit(1);
 276: }
 277: 
 278: endcomma(str)
 279: char *str;
 280: {
 281:     int n;
 282: 
 283:     n = strlen(str) - 1;
 284:     if (str[n] == ',')
 285:     {
 286:         str[n] = NULL;
 287:         return(1);
 288:     }
 289:     return(0);
 290: }

Defined functions

article defined in line 221; used 1 times
deliver defined in line 131; used 1 times
  • in line 53
endcomma defined in line 278; used 1 times
error defined in line 264; used 9 times
eval defined in line 247; used 1 times
  • in line 32
main defined in line 15; never used
onintr defined in line 271; used 2 times
parse defined in line 164; used 1 times
sortbib defined in line 60; used 1 times
  • in line 51

Defined variables

keystr defined in line 11; used 11 times
multauth defined in line 12; used 2 times
oneauth defined in line 13; used 4 times
rsmode defined in line 58; used 7 times
sccsid defined in line 2; never used
tempfile defined in line 10; used 11 times

Defined macros

BUF defined in line 7; used 11 times
MXFILES defined in line 8; used 3 times
Last modified: 1987-02-17
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