1: #if defined(LIBC_SCCS) && !defined(lint)
   2: static char sccsid[] = "@(#)crypt.c	5.3.1.1 (Berkeley) 10/21/90";
   3: #endif LIBC_SCCS and not lint
   4: 
   5: /*
   6:  * This program implements the
   7:  * Proposed Federal Information Processing
   8:  *  Data Encryption Standard.
   9:  * See Federal Register, March 17, 1975 (40FR12134)
  10:  */
  11: 
  12: /*
  13:  * Initial permutation,
  14:  */
  15: static  char    IP[] = {
  16:     58,50,42,34,26,18,10, 2,
  17:     60,52,44,36,28,20,12, 4,
  18:     62,54,46,38,30,22,14, 6,
  19:     64,56,48,40,32,24,16, 8,
  20:     57,49,41,33,25,17, 9, 1,
  21:     59,51,43,35,27,19,11, 3,
  22:     61,53,45,37,29,21,13, 5,
  23:     63,55,47,39,31,23,15, 7,
  24: };
  25: 
  26: /*
  27:  * Final permutation, FP = IP^(-1)
  28:  */
  29: static  char    FP[] = {
  30:     40, 8,48,16,56,24,64,32,
  31:     39, 7,47,15,55,23,63,31,
  32:     38, 6,46,14,54,22,62,30,
  33:     37, 5,45,13,53,21,61,29,
  34:     36, 4,44,12,52,20,60,28,
  35:     35, 3,43,11,51,19,59,27,
  36:     34, 2,42,10,50,18,58,26,
  37:     33, 1,41, 9,49,17,57,25,
  38: };
  39: 
  40: /*
  41:  * Permuted-choice 1 from the key bits
  42:  * to yield C and D.
  43:  * Note that bits 8,16... are left out:
  44:  * They are intended for a parity check.
  45:  */
  46: static  char    PC1_C[] = {
  47:     57,49,41,33,25,17, 9,
  48:      1,58,50,42,34,26,18,
  49:     10, 2,59,51,43,35,27,
  50:     19,11, 3,60,52,44,36,
  51: };
  52: 
  53: static  char    PC1_D[] = {
  54:     63,55,47,39,31,23,15,
  55:      7,62,54,46,38,30,22,
  56:     14, 6,61,53,45,37,29,
  57:     21,13, 5,28,20,12, 4,
  58: };
  59: 
  60: /*
  61:  * Sequence of shifts used for the key schedule.
  62: */
  63: static  char    shifts[] = {
  64:     1,1,2,2,2,2,2,2,1,2,2,2,2,2,2,1,
  65: };
  66: 
  67: /*
  68:  * Permuted-choice 2, to pick out the bits from
  69:  * the CD array that generate the key schedule.
  70:  */
  71: static  char    PC2_C[] = {
  72:     14,17,11,24, 1, 5,
  73:      3,28,15, 6,21,10,
  74:     23,19,12, 4,26, 8,
  75:     16, 7,27,20,13, 2,
  76: };
  77: 
  78: static  char    PC2_D[] = {
  79:     41,52,31,37,47,55,
  80:     30,40,51,45,33,48,
  81:     44,49,39,56,34,53,
  82:     46,42,50,36,29,32,
  83: };
  84: 
  85: /*
  86:  * The C and D arrays used to calculate the key schedule.
  87:  */
  88: 
  89: static  char    C[28];
  90: static  char    D[28];
  91: /*
  92:  * The key schedule.
  93:  * Generated from the key.
  94:  */
  95: static  char    KS[16][48];
  96: 
  97: /*
  98:  * The E bit-selection table.
  99:  */
 100: static  char    E[48];
 101: static  char    e[] = {
 102:     32, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
 103:      4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,
 104:      8, 9,10,11,12,13,
 105:     12,13,14,15,16,17,
 106:     16,17,18,19,20,21,
 107:     20,21,22,23,24,25,
 108:     24,25,26,27,28,29,
 109:     28,29,30,31,32, 1,
 110: };
 111: 
 112: /*
 113:  * Set up the key schedule from the key.
 114:  */
 115: 
 116: setkey(key)
 117: char *key;
 118: {
 119:     register i, j, k;
 120:     int t;
 121: 
 122:     /*
 123: 	 * First, generate C and D by permuting
 124: 	 * the key.  The low order bit of each
 125: 	 * 8-bit char is not used, so C and D are only 28
 126: 	 * bits apiece.
 127: 	 */
 128:     for (i=0; i<28; i++) {
 129:         C[i] = key[PC1_C[i]-1];
 130:         D[i] = key[PC1_D[i]-1];
 131:     }
 132:     /*
 133: 	 * To generate Ki, rotate C and D according
 134: 	 * to schedule and pick up a permutation
 135: 	 * using PC2.
 136: 	 */
 137:     for (i=0; i<16; i++) {
 138:         /*
 139: 		 * rotate.
 140: 		 */
 141:         for (k=0; k<shifts[i]; k++) {
 142:             t = C[0];
 143:             for (j=0; j<28-1; j++)
 144:                 C[j] = C[j+1];
 145:             C[27] = t;
 146:             t = D[0];
 147:             for (j=0; j<28-1; j++)
 148:                 D[j] = D[j+1];
 149:             D[27] = t;
 150:         }
 151:         /*
 152: 		 * get Ki. Note C and D are concatenated.
 153: 		 */
 154:         for (j=0; j<24; j++) {
 155:             KS[i][j] = C[PC2_C[j]-1];
 156:             KS[i][j+24] = D[PC2_D[j]-28-1];
 157:         }
 158:     }
 159: 
 160:     for(i=0;i<48;i++)
 161:         E[i] = e[i];
 162: }
 163: 
 164: /*
 165:  * The 8 selection functions.
 166:  * For some reason, they give a 0-origin
 167:  * index, unlike everything else.
 168:  */
 169: static  char    S[8][64] = {
 170:     14, 4,13, 1, 2,15,11, 8, 3,10, 6,12, 5, 9, 0, 7,
 171:      0,15, 7, 4,14, 2,13, 1,10, 6,12,11, 9, 5, 3, 8,
 172:      4, 1,14, 8,13, 6, 2,11,15,12, 9, 7, 3,10, 5, 0,
 173:     15,12, 8, 2, 4, 9, 1, 7, 5,11, 3,14,10, 0, 6,13,
 174: 
 175:     15, 1, 8,14, 6,11, 3, 4, 9, 7, 2,13,12, 0, 5,10,
 176:      3,13, 4, 7,15, 2, 8,14,12, 0, 1,10, 6, 9,11, 5,
 177:      0,14, 7,11,10, 4,13, 1, 5, 8,12, 6, 9, 3, 2,15,
 178:     13, 8,10, 1, 3,15, 4, 2,11, 6, 7,12, 0, 5,14, 9,
 179: 
 180:     10, 0, 9,14, 6, 3,15, 5, 1,13,12, 7,11, 4, 2, 8,
 181:     13, 7, 0, 9, 3, 4, 6,10, 2, 8, 5,14,12,11,15, 1,
 182:     13, 6, 4, 9, 8,15, 3, 0,11, 1, 2,12, 5,10,14, 7,
 183:      1,10,13, 0, 6, 9, 8, 7, 4,15,14, 3,11, 5, 2,12,
 184: 
 185:      7,13,14, 3, 0, 6, 9,10, 1, 2, 8, 5,11,12, 4,15,
 186:     13, 8,11, 5, 6,15, 0, 3, 4, 7, 2,12, 1,10,14, 9,
 187:     10, 6, 9, 0,12,11, 7,13,15, 1, 3,14, 5, 2, 8, 4,
 188:      3,15, 0, 6,10, 1,13, 8, 9, 4, 5,11,12, 7, 2,14,
 189: 
 190:      2,12, 4, 1, 7,10,11, 6, 8, 5, 3,15,13, 0,14, 9,
 191:     14,11, 2,12, 4, 7,13, 1, 5, 0,15,10, 3, 9, 8, 6,
 192:      4, 2, 1,11,10,13, 7, 8,15, 9,12, 5, 6, 3, 0,14,
 193:     11, 8,12, 7, 1,14, 2,13, 6,15, 0, 9,10, 4, 5, 3,
 194: 
 195:     12, 1,10,15, 9, 2, 6, 8, 0,13, 3, 4,14, 7, 5,11,
 196:     10,15, 4, 2, 7,12, 9, 5, 6, 1,13,14, 0,11, 3, 8,
 197:      9,14,15, 5, 2, 8,12, 3, 7, 0, 4,10, 1,13,11, 6,
 198:      4, 3, 2,12, 9, 5,15,10,11,14, 1, 7, 6, 0, 8,13,
 199: 
 200:      4,11, 2,14,15, 0, 8,13, 3,12, 9, 7, 5,10, 6, 1,
 201:     13, 0,11, 7, 4, 9, 1,10,14, 3, 5,12, 2,15, 8, 6,
 202:      1, 4,11,13,12, 3, 7,14,10,15, 6, 8, 0, 5, 9, 2,
 203:      6,11,13, 8, 1, 4,10, 7, 9, 5, 0,15,14, 2, 3,12,
 204: 
 205:     13, 2, 8, 4, 6,15,11, 1,10, 9, 3,14, 5, 0,12, 7,
 206:      1,15,13, 8,10, 3, 7, 4,12, 5, 6,11, 0,14, 9, 2,
 207:      7,11, 4, 1, 9,12,14, 2, 0, 6,10,13,15, 3, 5, 8,
 208:      2, 1,14, 7, 4,10, 8,13,15,12, 9, 0, 3, 5, 6,11,
 209: };
 210: 
 211: /*
 212:  * P is a permutation on the selected combination
 213:  * of the current L and key.
 214:  */
 215: static  char    P[] = {
 216:     16, 7,20,21,
 217:     29,12,28,17,
 218:      1,15,23,26,
 219:      5,18,31,10,
 220:      2, 8,24,14,
 221:     32,27, 3, 9,
 222:     19,13,30, 6,
 223:     22,11, 4,25,
 224: };
 225: 
 226: /*
 227:  * The current block, divided into 2 halves.
 228:  */
 229: static  char    L[64], *R = L+32;
 230: static  char    tempL[32];
 231: static  char    f[32];
 232: 
 233: /*
 234:  * The combination of the key and the input, before selection.
 235:  */
 236: static  char    preS[48];
 237: 
 238: /*
 239:  * The payoff: encrypt a block.
 240:  */
 241: 
 242: encrypt(block, edflag)
 243: char *block;
 244: {
 245:     int i, ii;
 246:     register t, j, k;
 247: 
 248:     /*
 249: 	 * First, permute the bits in the input
 250: 	 */
 251:     for (j=0; j<64; j++)
 252:         L[j] = block[IP[j]-1];
 253:     /*
 254: 	 * Perform an encryption operation 16 times.
 255: 	 */
 256:     for (ii=0; ii<16; ii++) {
 257:         /*
 258: 		 * Only encrypt for now.
 259: 		 */
 260:         i = ii;
 261:         /*
 262: 		 * Save the R array,
 263: 		 * which will be the new L.
 264: 		 */
 265:         for (j=0; j<32; j++)
 266:             tempL[j] = R[j];
 267:         /*
 268: 		 * Expand R to 48 bits using the E selector;
 269: 		 * exclusive-or with the current key bits.
 270: 		 */
 271:         for (j=0; j<48; j++)
 272:             preS[j] = R[E[j]-1] ^ KS[i][j];
 273:         /*
 274: 		 * The pre-select bits are now considered
 275: 		 * in 8 groups of 6 bits each.
 276: 		 * The 8 selection functions map these
 277: 		 * 6-bit quantities into 4-bit quantities
 278: 		 * and the results permuted
 279: 		 * to make an f(R, K).
 280: 		 * The indexing into the selection functions
 281: 		 * is peculiar; it could be simplified by
 282: 		 * rewriting the tables.
 283: 		 */
 284:         for (j=0; j<8; j++) {
 285:             t = 6*j;
 286:             k = S[j][(preS[t+0]<<5)+
 287:                 (preS[t+1]<<3)+
 288:                 (preS[t+2]<<2)+
 289:                 (preS[t+3]<<1)+
 290:                 (preS[t+4]<<0)+
 291:                 (preS[t+5]<<4)];
 292:             t = 4*j;
 293:             f[t+0] = (k>>3)&01;
 294:             f[t+1] = (k>>2)&01;
 295:             f[t+2] = (k>>1)&01;
 296:             f[t+3] = (k>>0)&01;
 297:         }
 298:         /*
 299: 		 * The new R is L ^ f(R, K).
 300: 		 * The f here has to be permuted first, though.
 301: 		 */
 302:         for (j=0; j<32; j++)
 303:             R[j] = L[j] ^ f[P[j]-1];
 304:         /*
 305: 		 * Finally, the new L (the original R)
 306: 		 * is copied back.
 307: 		 */
 308:         for (j=0; j<32; j++)
 309:             L[j] = tempL[j];
 310:     }
 311:     /*
 312: 	 * The output L and R are reversed.
 313: 	 */
 314:     for (j=0; j<32; j++) {
 315:         t = L[j];
 316:         L[j] = R[j];
 317:         R[j] = t;
 318:     }
 319:     /*
 320: 	 * The final output
 321: 	 * gets the inverse permutation of the very original.
 322: 	 */
 323:     for (j=0; j<64; j++)
 324:         block[j] = L[FP[j]-1];
 325: }
 326: 
 327: char *
 328: crypt(pw,salt)
 329: char *pw;
 330: char *salt;
 331: {
 332:     register i, j, c;
 333:     int temp;
 334:     static char block[66], iobuf[16];
 335: 
 336:     for(i=0; i<66; i++)
 337:         block[i] = 0;
 338:     for(i=0; (c= *pw) && i<64; pw++){
 339:         for(j=0; j<7; j++, i++)
 340:             block[i] = (c>>(6-j)) & 01;
 341:         i++;
 342:     }
 343: 
 344:     setkey(block);
 345: 
 346:     for(i=0; i<66; i++)
 347:         block[i] = 0;
 348: 
 349:     for(i=0;i<2;i++){
 350:         c = *salt++;
 351:         iobuf[i] = c;
 352:         if(c>'Z') c -= 6;
 353:         if(c>'9') c -= 7;
 354:         c -= '.';
 355:         for(j=0;j<6;j++){
 356:             if((c>>j) & 01){
 357:                 temp = E[6*i+j];
 358:                 E[6*i+j] = E[6*i+j+24];
 359:                 E[6*i+j+24] = temp;
 360:                 }
 361:             }
 362:         }
 363: 
 364:     for(i=0; i<25; i++)
 365:         encrypt(block,0);
 366: 
 367:     for(i=0; i<11; i++){
 368:         c = 0;
 369:         for(j=0; j<6; j++){
 370:             c <<= 1;
 371:             c |= block[6*i+j];
 372:             }
 373:         c += '.';
 374:         if(c>'9') c += 7;
 375:         if(c>'Z') c += 6;
 376:         iobuf[i+2] = c;
 377:     }
 378:     iobuf[i+2] = 0;
 379:     if(iobuf[1]==0)
 380:         iobuf[1] = iobuf[0];
 381:     return(iobuf);
 382: }

Defined functions

encrypt defined in line 242; used 1 times
setkey defined in line 116; used 1 times

Defined variables

C defined in line 89; used 6 times
D defined in line 90; used 6 times
E defined in line 100; used 6 times
FP defined in line 29; used 1 times
IP defined in line 15; used 1 times
KS defined in line 95; used 3 times
L defined in line 229; used 7 times
P defined in line 215; used 1 times
PC1_C defined in line 46; used 1 times
PC1_D defined in line 53; used 1 times
PC2_C defined in line 71; used 1 times
PC2_D defined in line 78; used 1 times
R defined in line 229; used 5 times
S defined in line 169; used 1 times
e defined in line 101; used 1 times
f defined in line 231; used 5 times
preS defined in line 236; used 7 times
sccsid defined in line 2; never used
shifts defined in line 63; used 1 times
tempL defined in line 230; used 2 times
Last modified: 1991-01-11
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