1: /*
   2:  * Routines which deal with the characteristics of the terminal.
   3:  * Uses termcap to be as terminal-independent as possible.
   4:  *
   5:  * {{ Someday this should be rewritten to use curses. }}
   6:  */
   7: 
   8: #include "less.h"
   9: #if XENIX
  10: #include <sys/types.h>
  11: #include <sys/ioctl.h>
  12: #endif
  13: 
  14: #if TERMIO
  15: #include <termio.h>
  16: #else
  17: #include <sgtty.h>
  18: #endif
  19: 
  20: /*
  21:  * Strings passed to tputs() to do various terminal functions.
  22:  */
  23: static char
  24:     *sc_pad,        /* Pad string */
  25:     *sc_home,       /* Cursor home */
  26:     *sc_addline,        /* Add line, scroll down following lines */
  27:     *sc_lower_left,     /* Cursor to last line, first column */
  28:     *sc_move,       /* General cursor positioning */
  29:     *sc_clear,      /* Clear screen */
  30:     *sc_eol_clear,      /* Clear to end of line */
  31:     *sc_s_in,       /* Enter standout (highlighted) mode */
  32:     *sc_s_out,      /* Exit standout mode */
  33:     *sc_u_in,       /* Enter underline mode */
  34:     *sc_u_out,      /* Exit underline mode */
  35:     *sc_visual_bell,    /* Visual bell (flash screen) sequence */
  36:     *sc_backspace,      /* Backspace cursor */
  37:     *sc_init,       /* Startup terminal initialization */
  38:     *sc_deinit;     /* Exit terminal de-intialization */
  39: static int dumb;
  40: static int hard;
  41: 
  42: public int auto_wrap;       /* Terminal does \r\n when write past margin */
  43: public int ignaw;       /* Terminal ignores \n immediately after wrap */
  44: public int erase_char, kill_char; /* The user's erase and line-kill chars */
  45: public int sc_width, sc_height; /* Height & width of screen */
  46: public int ul_width, ue_width;  /* Printing width of underline sequences */
  47: public int so_width, se_width;  /* Printing width of standout sequences */
  48: 
  49: /*
  50:  * These two variables are sometimes defined in,
  51:  * and needed by, the termcap library.
  52:  * It may be necessary on some systems to declare them extern here.
  53:  */
  54: /*extern*/ short ospeed;    /* Terminal output baud rate */
  55: /*extern*/ char PC;     /* Pad character */
  56: 
  57: extern int quiet;       /* If VERY_QUIET, use visual bell for bell */
  58: extern int know_dumb;       /* Don't complain about a dumb terminal */
  59: extern int back_scroll;
  60: char *tgetstr();
  61: char *tgoto();
  62: 
  63: /*
  64:  * Change terminal to "raw mode", or restore to "normal" mode.
  65:  * "Raw mode" means
  66:  *	1. An outstanding read will complete on receipt of a single keystroke.
  67:  *	2. Input is not echoed.
  68:  *	3. On output, \n is mapped to \r\n.
  69:  *	4. \t is NOT be expanded into spaces.
  70:  *	5. Signal-causing characters such as ctrl-C (interrupt),
  71:  *	   etc. are NOT disabled.
  72:  * It doesn't matter whether an input \n is mapped to \r, or vice versa.
  73:  */
  74:     public void
  75: raw_mode(on)
  76:     int on;
  77: {
  78: #if TERMIO
  79:     struct termio s;
  80:     static struct termio save_term;
  81: 
  82:     if (on)
  83:     {
  84:         /*
  85: 		 * Get terminal modes.
  86: 		 */
  87:         ioctl(2, TCGETA, &s);
  88: 
  89:         /*
  90: 		 * Save modes and set certain variables dependent on modes.
  91: 		 */
  92:         save_term = s;
  93:         ospeed = s.c_cflag & CBAUD;
  94:         erase_char = s.c_cc[VERASE];
  95:         kill_char = s.c_cc[VKILL];
  96: 
  97:         /*
  98: 		 * Set the modes to the way we want them.
  99: 		 */
 100:         s.c_lflag &= ~(ICANON|ECHO|ECHOE|ECHOK|ECHONL);
 101:         s.c_oflag |=  (OPOST|ONLCR|TAB3);
 102:         s.c_oflag &= ~(OCRNL|ONOCR|ONLRET);
 103:         s.c_cc[VMIN] = 1;
 104:         s.c_cc[VTIME] = 0;
 105:     } else
 106:     {
 107:         /*
 108: 		 * Restore saved modes.
 109: 		 */
 110:         s = save_term;
 111:     }
 112:     ioctl(2, TCSETAW, &s);
 113: #else
 114:     struct sgttyb s;
 115:     static struct sgttyb save_term;
 116: 
 117:     if (on)
 118:     {
 119:         /*
 120: 		 * Get terminal modes.
 121: 		 */
 122:         ioctl(2, TIOCGETP, &s);
 123: 
 124:         /*
 125: 		 * Save modes and set certain variables dependent on modes.
 126: 		 */
 127:         save_term = s;
 128:         ospeed = s.sg_ospeed;
 129:         erase_char = s.sg_erase;
 130:         kill_char = s.sg_kill;
 131: 
 132:         /*
 133: 		 * Set the modes to the way we want them.
 134: 		 */
 135:         s.sg_flags |= CBREAK;
 136:         s.sg_flags &= ~(ECHO|XTABS);
 137:     } else
 138:     {
 139:         /*
 140: 		 * Restore saved modes.
 141: 		 */
 142:         s = save_term;
 143:     }
 144:     ioctl(2, TIOCSETN, &s);
 145: #endif
 146: }
 147: 
 148: static int couldnt = 0;
 149: 
 150:     static void
 151: cannot(s)
 152:     char *s;
 153: {
 154:     if (know_dumb)
 155:         /*
 156: 		 * He knows he has a dumb terminal, so don't tell him.
 157: 		 */
 158:         return;
 159: 
 160:     printf("WARNING: terminal cannot \"%s\"\n", s);
 161:     couldnt = 1;
 162: }
 163: 
 164: /*
 165:  * Get terminal capabilities via termcap.
 166:  */
 167:     public void
 168: get_term()
 169: {
 170:     char termbuf[1024];
 171:     char *sp;
 172:     static char sbuf[150];
 173: 
 174:     char *getenv();
 175: 
 176:     /*
 177: 	 * Find out what kind of terminal this is.
 178: 	 */
 179:     if (tgetent(termbuf, getenv("TERM")) <= 0)
 180:         dumb = 1;
 181: 
 182:     /*
 183: 	 * Get size of the screen.
 184: 	 */
 185:     if (dumb || (sc_height = tgetnum("li")) < 0 || tgetflag("hc"))
 186:     {
 187:         /* Oh no, this is a hardcopy terminal. */
 188:         hard = 1;
 189:         sc_height = 24;
 190:     }
 191:     if (dumb || (sc_width = tgetnum("co")) < 0)
 192:         sc_width = 80;
 193: 
 194:     auto_wrap = tgetflag("am");
 195:     ignaw = tgetflag("xn");
 196: 
 197:     /*
 198: 	 * Assumes termcap variable "sg" is the printing width of
 199: 	 * the standout sequence, the end standout sequence,
 200: 	 * the underline sequence, and the end underline sequence.
 201: 	 */
 202:     if ((ul_width = tgetnum("sg")) < 0)
 203:         ul_width = 0;
 204:     so_width = se_width = ue_width = ul_width;
 205: 
 206:     /*
 207: 	 * Get various string-valued capabilities.
 208: 	 */
 209:     sp = sbuf;
 210: 
 211:     sc_pad = (dumb) ? NULL : tgetstr("pc", &sp);
 212:     if (sc_pad != NULL)
 213:         PC = *sc_pad;
 214: 
 215:     sc_init = (dumb) ? NULL : tgetstr("ti", &sp);
 216:     if (sc_init == NULL)
 217:         sc_init = "";
 218: 
 219:     sc_deinit= (dumb) ? NULL : tgetstr("te", &sp);
 220:     if (sc_deinit == NULL)
 221:         sc_deinit = "";
 222: 
 223:     sc_eol_clear = (dumb) ? NULL : tgetstr("ce", &sp);
 224:     if (hard || sc_eol_clear == NULL || *sc_eol_clear == '\0')
 225:     {
 226:         cannot("clear to end of line");
 227:         sc_eol_clear = "";
 228:     }
 229: 
 230:     sc_clear = (dumb) ? NULL : tgetstr("cl", &sp);
 231:     if (hard || sc_clear == NULL || *sc_clear == '\0')
 232:     {
 233:         cannot("clear screen");
 234:         sc_clear = "\n\n";
 235:     }
 236: 
 237:     sc_move = (dumb) ? NULL : tgetstr("cm", &sp);
 238:     if (hard || sc_move == NULL || *sc_move == '\0')
 239:     {
 240:         /*
 241: 		 * This is not an error here, because we don't
 242: 		 * always need sc_move.
 243: 		 * We need it only if we don't have home or lower-left.
 244: 		 */
 245:         sc_move = "";
 246:     }
 247: 
 248:     sc_s_in = (dumb) ? NULL : tgetstr("so", &sp);
 249:     if (hard || sc_s_in == NULL)
 250:         sc_s_in = "";
 251: 
 252:     sc_s_out = (dumb) ? NULL : tgetstr("se", &sp);
 253:     if (hard || sc_s_out == NULL)
 254:         sc_s_out = "";
 255: 
 256:     sc_u_in = (dumb) ? NULL : tgetstr("us", &sp);
 257:     if (hard || sc_u_in == NULL)
 258:         sc_u_in = sc_s_in;
 259: 
 260:     sc_u_out = (dumb) ? NULL : tgetstr("ue", &sp);
 261:     if (hard || sc_u_out == NULL)
 262:         sc_u_out = sc_s_out;
 263: 
 264:     sc_visual_bell = (dumb) ? NULL : tgetstr("vb", &sp);
 265:     if (hard || sc_visual_bell == NULL)
 266:         sc_visual_bell = "";
 267: 
 268:     sc_home = (dumb) ? NULL : tgetstr("ho", &sp);
 269:     if (hard || sc_home == NULL || *sc_home == '\0')
 270:     {
 271:         if (*sc_move == '\0')
 272:         {
 273:             cannot("home cursor");
 274:             /*
 275: 			 * This last resort for sc_home is supposed to
 276: 			 * be an up-arrow suggesting moving to the
 277: 			 * top of the "virtual screen". (The one in
 278: 			 * your imagination as you try to use this on
 279: 			 * a hard copy terminal.)
 280: 			 */
 281:             sc_home = "|\b^";
 282:         } else
 283:         {
 284:             /*
 285: 			 * No "home" string,
 286: 			 * but we can use "move(0,0)".
 287: 			 */
 288:             strcpy(sp, tgoto(sc_move, 0, 0));
 289:             sc_home = sp;
 290:             sp += strlen(sp) + 1;
 291:         }
 292:     }
 293: 
 294:     sc_lower_left = (dumb) ? NULL : tgetstr("ll", &sp);
 295:     if (hard || sc_lower_left == NULL || *sc_lower_left == '\0')
 296:     {
 297:         if (*sc_move == '\0')
 298:         {
 299:             cannot("move cursor to lower left of screen");
 300:             sc_lower_left = "\r";
 301:         } else
 302:         {
 303:             /*
 304: 			 * No "lower-left" string,
 305: 			 * but we can use "move(0,last-line)".
 306: 			 */
 307:             strcpy(sp, tgoto(sc_move, 0, sc_height-1));
 308:             sc_lower_left = sp;
 309:             sp += strlen(sp) + 1;
 310:         }
 311:     }
 312: 
 313:     /*
 314: 	 * To add a line at top of screen and scroll the display down,
 315: 	 * we use "al" (add line) or "sr" (scroll reverse).
 316: 	 */
 317:     if (dumb)
 318:         sc_addline = NULL;
 319:     else if ((sc_addline = tgetstr("al", &sp)) == NULL ||
 320:          *sc_addline == '\0')
 321:         sc_addline = tgetstr("sr", &sp);
 322: 
 323:     if (hard || sc_addline == NULL || *sc_addline == '\0')
 324:     {
 325:         cannot("scroll backwards");
 326:         sc_addline = "";
 327:         /* Force repaint on any backward movement */
 328:         back_scroll = 0;
 329:     }
 330: 
 331:     if (dumb || tgetflag("bs"))
 332:         sc_backspace = "\b";
 333:     else
 334:     {
 335:         sc_backspace = tgetstr("bc", &sp);
 336:         if (sc_backspace == NULL || *sc_backspace == '\0')
 337:             sc_backspace = "\b";
 338:     }
 339: 
 340:     if (couldnt)
 341:         /* Give him time to read all the "cannot" messages. */
 342:         error("");
 343: }
 344: 
 345: 
 346: /*
 347:  * Below are the functions which perform all the
 348:  * terminal-specific screen manipulation.
 349:  */
 350: 
 351: 
 352: /*
 353:  * Initialize terminal
 354:  */
 355:     public void
 356: init()
 357: {
 358:     tputs(sc_init, sc_height, putc);
 359: }
 360: 
 361: /*
 362:  * Deinitialize terminal
 363:  */
 364:     public void
 365: deinit()
 366: {
 367:     tputs(sc_deinit, sc_height, putc);
 368: }
 369: 
 370: /*
 371:  * Home cursor (move to upper left corner of screen).
 372:  */
 373:     public void
 374: home()
 375: {
 376:     tputs(sc_home, 1, putc);
 377: }
 378: 
 379: /*
 380:  * Add a blank line (called with cursor at home).
 381:  * Should scroll the display down.
 382:  */
 383:     public void
 384: add_line()
 385: {
 386:     tputs(sc_addline, sc_height, putc);
 387: }
 388: 
 389: /*
 390:  * Move cursor to lower left corner of screen.
 391:  */
 392:     public void
 393: lower_left()
 394: {
 395:     tputs(sc_lower_left, 1, putc);
 396: }
 397: 
 398: /*
 399:  * Ring the terminal bell.
 400:  */
 401:     public void
 402: bell()
 403: {
 404:     if (quiet == VERY_QUIET)
 405:         vbell();
 406:     else
 407:         putc('\7');
 408: }
 409: 
 410: /*
 411:  * Output the "visual bell", if there is one.
 412:  */
 413:     public void
 414: vbell()
 415: {
 416:     if (*sc_visual_bell == '\0')
 417:         return;
 418:     tputs(sc_visual_bell, sc_height, putc);
 419: }
 420: 
 421: /*
 422:  * Clear the screen.
 423:  */
 424:     public void
 425: clear()
 426: {
 427:     tputs(sc_clear, sc_height, putc);
 428: }
 429: 
 430: /*
 431:  * Clear from the cursor to the end of the cursor's line.
 432:  * {{ This must not move the cursor. }}
 433:  */
 434:     public void
 435: clear_eol()
 436: {
 437:     tputs(sc_eol_clear, 1, putc);
 438: }
 439: 
 440: /*
 441:  * Begin "standout" (bold, underline, or whatever).
 442:  */
 443:     public void
 444: so_enter()
 445: {
 446:     tputs(sc_s_in, 1, putc);
 447: }
 448: 
 449: /*
 450:  * End "standout".
 451:  */
 452:     public void
 453: so_exit()
 454: {
 455:     tputs(sc_s_out, 1, putc);
 456: }
 457: 
 458: /*
 459:  * Begin "underline" (hopefully real underlining,
 460:  * otherwise whatever the terminal provides).
 461:  */
 462:     public void
 463: ul_enter()
 464: {
 465:     tputs(sc_u_in, 1, putc);
 466: }
 467: 
 468: /*
 469:  * End "underline".
 470:  */
 471:     public void
 472: ul_exit()
 473: {
 474:     tputs(sc_u_out, 1, putc);
 475: }
 476: 
 477: /*
 478:  * Erase the character to the left of the cursor
 479:  * and move the cursor left.
 480:  */
 481:     public void
 482: backspace()
 483: {
 484:     /*
 485: 	 * Try to erase the previous character by overstriking with a space.
 486: 	 */
 487:     tputs(sc_backspace, 1, putc);
 488:     putc(' ');
 489:     tputs(sc_backspace, 1, putc);
 490: }
 491: 
 492: /*
 493:  * Output a plain backspace, without erasing the previous char.
 494:  */
 495:     public void
 496: putbs()
 497: {
 498:     tputs(sc_backspace, 1, putc);
 499: }

Defined functions

cannot defined in line 150; used 5 times

Defined variables

PC defined in line 55; used 1 times
auto_wrap defined in line 42; used 1 times
couldnt defined in line 148; used 2 times
dumb defined in line 39; used 18 times
erase_char defined in line 44; used 7 times
hard defined in line 40; used 12 times
ignaw defined in line 43; used 1 times
kill_char defined in line 44; used 7 times
ospeed defined in line 54; used 2 times
public defined in line 495; never used
sc_addline defined in line 26; used 8 times
sc_backspace defined in line 36; used 8 times
sc_clear defined in line 29; used 5 times
sc_deinit defined in line 38; used 4 times
sc_eol_clear defined in line 30; used 5 times
sc_home defined in line 25; used 6 times
sc_init defined in line 37; used 4 times
sc_lower_left defined in line 27; used 6 times
sc_move defined in line 28; used 8 times
sc_pad defined in line 24; used 3 times
sc_s_in defined in line 31; used 5 times
sc_s_out defined in line 32; used 5 times
sc_u_in defined in line 33; used 4 times
sc_u_out defined in line 34; used 4 times
sc_visual_bell defined in line 35; used 5 times
Last modified: 1986-04-21
Generated: 2016-12-26
Generated by src2html V0.67
page hit count: 1986
Valid CSS Valid XHTML 1.0 Strict