1: /*
   2:  * Copyright (c) 1980 Regents of the University of California.
   3:  * All rights reserved.  The Berkeley software License Agreement
   4:  * specifies the terms and conditions for redistribution.
   5:  */
   6: 
   7: #ifndef lint
   8: static char sccsid[] = "@(#)dumptape.c	5.5 (Berkeley) 5/23/86";
   9: #endif not lint
  10: 
  11: #include <sys/file.h>
  12: #include "dump.h"
  13: 
  14: char    (*tblock)[TP_BSIZE];    /* Pointer to malloc()ed buffer for tape */
  15: int writesize;      /* Size of malloc()ed buffer for tape */
  16: int trecno = 0;
  17: extern int ntrec;       /* blocking factor on tape */
  18: extern int cartridge;
  19: extern int read(), write();
  20: #ifdef RDUMP
  21: extern char *host;
  22: #endif RDUMP
  23: 
  24: /*
  25:  * Concurrent dump mods (Caltech) - disk block reading and tape writing
  26:  * are exported to several slave processes.  While one slave writes the
  27:  * tape, the others read disk blocks; they pass control of the tape in
  28:  * a ring via flock().	The parent process traverses the filesystem and
  29:  * sends spclrec()'s and lists of daddr's to the slaves via pipes.
  30:  */
  31: struct req {            /* instruction packets sent to slaves */
  32:     daddr_t dblk;
  33:     int count;
  34: } *req;
  35: int reqsiz;
  36: 
  37: #define SLAVES 3        /* 1 slave writing, 1 reading, 1 for slack */
  38: int slavefd[SLAVES];        /* pipes from master to each slave */
  39: int slavepid[SLAVES];       /* used by killall() */
  40: int rotor;          /* next slave to be instructed */
  41: int master;         /* pid of master, for sending error signals */
  42: int tenths;         /* length of tape used per block written */
  43: 
  44: alloctape()
  45: {
  46:     int pgoff = getpagesize() - 1;
  47: 
  48:     writesize = ntrec * TP_BSIZE;
  49:     reqsiz = ntrec * sizeof(struct req);
  50:     /*
  51: 	 * CDC 92181's and 92185's make 0.8" gaps in 1600-bpi start/stop mode
  52: 	 * (see DEC TU80 User's Guide).  The shorter gaps of 6250-bpi require
  53: 	 * repositioning after stopping, i.e, streaming mode, where the gap is
  54: 	 * variable, 0.30" to 0.45".  The gap is maximal when the tape stops.
  55: 	 */
  56:     tenths = writesize/density + (cartridge ? 16 : density == 625 ? 5 : 8);
  57:     /*
  58: 	 * Allocate tape buffer contiguous with the array of instruction
  59: 	 * packets, so flusht() can write them together with one write().
  60: 	 * Align tape buffer on page boundary to speed up tape write().
  61: 	 */
  62:     req = (struct req *)malloc(reqsiz + writesize + pgoff);
  63:     if (req == NULL)
  64:         return(0);
  65:     tblock = (char (*)[TP_BSIZE]) (((long)&req[ntrec] + pgoff) &~ pgoff);
  66:     req = (struct req *)tblock - ntrec;
  67:     return(1);
  68: }
  69: 
  70: 
  71: taprec(dp)
  72:     char *dp;
  73: {
  74:     req[trecno].dblk = (daddr_t)0;
  75:     req[trecno].count = 1;
  76:     *(union u_spcl *)(*tblock++) = *(union u_spcl *)dp; /* movc3 */
  77:     trecno++;
  78:     spcl.c_tapea++;
  79:     if(trecno >= ntrec)
  80:         flusht();
  81: }
  82: 
  83: dmpblk(blkno, size)
  84:     daddr_t blkno;
  85:     int size;
  86: {
  87:     int avail, tpblks, dblkno;
  88: 
  89:     dblkno = fsbtodb(sblock, blkno);
  90:     tpblks = size / TP_BSIZE;
  91:     while ((avail = MIN(tpblks, ntrec - trecno)) > 0) {
  92:         req[trecno].dblk = dblkno;
  93:         req[trecno].count = avail;
  94:         trecno += avail;
  95:         spcl.c_tapea += avail;
  96:         if (trecno >= ntrec)
  97:             flusht();
  98:         dblkno += avail * (TP_BSIZE / DEV_BSIZE);
  99:         tpblks -= avail;
 100:     }
 101: }
 102: 
 103: int nogripe = 0;
 104: 
 105: tperror() {
 106:     if (pipeout) {
 107:         msg("Tape write error on %s\n", tape);
 108:         msg("Cannot recover\n");
 109:         dumpabort();
 110:         /* NOTREACHED */
 111:     }
 112:     msg("Tape write error %d feet into tape %d\n", asize/120L, tapeno);
 113:     broadcast("TAPE ERROR!\n");
 114:     if (!query("Do you want to restart?"))
 115:         dumpabort();
 116:     msg("This tape will rewind.  After it is rewound,\n");
 117:     msg("replace the faulty tape with a new one;\n");
 118:     msg("this dump volume will be rewritten.\n");
 119:     killall();
 120:     nogripe = 1;
 121:     close_rewind();
 122:     Exit(X_REWRITE);
 123: }
 124: 
 125: sigpipe()
 126: {
 127: 
 128:     msg("Broken pipe\n");
 129:     dumpabort();
 130: }
 131: 
 132: #ifdef RDUMP
 133: /*
 134:  * compatibility routine
 135:  */
 136: tflush(i)
 137:     int i;
 138: {
 139: 
 140:     for (i = 0; i < ntrec; i++)
 141:         spclrec();
 142: }
 143: #endif RDUMP
 144: 
 145: flusht()
 146: {
 147:     int siz = (char *)tblock - (char *)req;
 148: 
 149:     if (atomic(write, slavefd[rotor], req, siz) != siz) {
 150:         perror("  DUMP: error writing command pipe");
 151:         dumpabort();
 152:     }
 153:     if (++rotor >= SLAVES) rotor = 0;
 154:     tblock = (char (*)[TP_BSIZE]) &req[ntrec];
 155:     trecno = 0;
 156:     asize += tenths;
 157:     blockswritten += ntrec;
 158:     if (!pipeout && asize > tsize) {
 159:         close_rewind();
 160:         otape();
 161:     }
 162:     timeest();
 163: }
 164: 
 165: rewind()
 166: {
 167:     int f;
 168: 
 169:     if (pipeout)
 170:         return;
 171:     for (f = 0; f < SLAVES; f++)
 172:         close(slavefd[f]);
 173:     while (wait(NULL) >= 0)    ;    /* wait for any signals from slaves */
 174:     msg("Tape rewinding\n");
 175: #ifdef RDUMP
 176:     if (host) {
 177:         rmtclose();
 178:         while (rmtopen(tape, 0) < 0)
 179:             sleep(10);
 180:         rmtclose();
 181:         return;
 182:     }
 183: #endif RDUMP
 184:     close(to);
 185:     while ((f = open(tape, 0)) < 0)
 186:         sleep (10);
 187:     close(f);
 188: }
 189: 
 190: close_rewind()
 191: {
 192:     rewind();
 193:     if (!nogripe) {
 194:         msg("Change Tapes: Mount tape #%d\n", tapeno+1);
 195:         broadcast("CHANGE TAPES!\7\7\n");
 196:     }
 197:     while (!query("Is the new tape mounted and ready to go?"))
 198:         if (query("Do you want to abort?")) {
 199:             dumpabort();
 200:             /*NOTREACHED*/
 201:         }
 202: }
 203: 
 204: /*
 205:  *	We implement taking and restoring checkpoints on the tape level.
 206:  *	When each tape is opened, a new process is created by forking; this
 207:  *	saves all of the necessary context in the parent.  The child
 208:  *	continues the dump; the parent waits around, saving the context.
 209:  *	If the child returns X_REWRITE, then it had problems writing that tape;
 210:  *	this causes the parent to fork again, duplicating the context, and
 211:  *	everything continues as if nothing had happened.
 212:  */
 213: 
 214: otape()
 215: {
 216:     int parentpid;
 217:     int childpid;
 218:     int status;
 219:     int waitpid;
 220:     int (*interrupt)() = signal(SIGINT, SIG_IGN);
 221: 
 222:     parentpid = getpid();
 223: 
 224:     restore_check_point:
 225:     signal(SIGINT, interrupt);
 226:     /*
 227: 	 *	All signals are inherited...
 228: 	 */
 229:     childpid = fork();
 230:     if (childpid < 0) {
 231:         msg("Context save fork fails in parent %d\n", parentpid);
 232:         Exit(X_ABORT);
 233:     }
 234:     if (childpid != 0) {
 235:         /*
 236: 		 *	PARENT:
 237: 		 *	save the context by waiting
 238: 		 *	until the child doing all of the work returns.
 239: 		 *	don't catch the interrupt
 240: 		 */
 241:         signal(SIGINT, SIG_IGN);
 242: #ifdef TDEBUG
 243:         msg("Tape: %d; parent process: %d child process %d\n",
 244:             tapeno+1, parentpid, childpid);
 245: #endif TDEBUG
 246:         while ((waitpid = wait(&status)) != childpid)
 247:             msg("Parent %d waiting for child %d has another child %d return\n",
 248:                 parentpid, childpid, waitpid);
 249:         if (status & 0xFF) {
 250:             msg("Child %d returns LOB status %o\n",
 251:                 childpid, status&0xFF);
 252:         }
 253:         status = (status >> 8) & 0xFF;
 254: #ifdef TDEBUG
 255:         switch(status) {
 256:             case X_FINOK:
 257:                 msg("Child %d finishes X_FINOK\n", childpid);
 258:                 break;
 259:             case X_ABORT:
 260:                 msg("Child %d finishes X_ABORT\n", childpid);
 261:                 break;
 262:             case X_REWRITE:
 263:                 msg("Child %d finishes X_REWRITE\n", childpid);
 264:                 break;
 265:             default:
 266:                 msg("Child %d finishes unknown %d\n",
 267:                     childpid, status);
 268:                 break;
 269:         }
 270: #endif TDEBUG
 271:         switch(status) {
 272:             case X_FINOK:
 273:                 Exit(X_FINOK);
 274:             case X_ABORT:
 275:                 Exit(X_ABORT);
 276:             case X_REWRITE:
 277:                 goto restore_check_point;
 278:             default:
 279:                 msg("Bad return code from dump: %d\n", status);
 280:                 Exit(X_ABORT);
 281:         }
 282:         /*NOTREACHED*/
 283:     } else {    /* we are the child; just continue */
 284: #ifdef TDEBUG
 285:         sleep(4);   /* allow time for parent's message to get out */
 286:         msg("Child on Tape %d has parent %d, my pid = %d\n",
 287:             tapeno+1, parentpid, getpid());
 288: #endif TDEBUG
 289: #ifdef RDUMP
 290:         while ((to = (host ? rmtopen(tape, 2) :
 291:             pipeout ? 1 : creat(tape, 0666))) < 0)
 292: #else RDUMP
 293:         while ((to = pipeout ? 1 : creat(tape, 0666)) < 0)
 294: #endif RDUMP
 295:             if (!query("Cannot open tape.  Do you want to retry the open?"))
 296:                 dumpabort();
 297: 
 298:         enslave();  /* Share open tape file descriptor with slaves */
 299: 
 300:         asize = 0;
 301:         tapeno++;       /* current tape sequence */
 302:         newtape++;      /* new tape signal */
 303:         spcl.c_volume++;
 304:         spcl.c_type = TS_TAPE;
 305:         spclrec();
 306:         if (tapeno > 1)
 307:             msg("Tape %d begins with blocks from ino %d\n",
 308:                 tapeno, ino);
 309:     }
 310: }
 311: 
 312: dumpabort()
 313: {
 314:     if (master != 0 && master != getpid())
 315:         kill(master, SIGTERM);  /* Signals master to call dumpabort */
 316:     else {
 317:         killall();
 318:         msg("The ENTIRE dump is aborted.\n");
 319:     }
 320:     Exit(X_ABORT);
 321: }
 322: 
 323: Exit(status)
 324: {
 325: #ifdef TDEBUG
 326:     msg("pid = %d exits with status %d\n", getpid(), status);
 327: #endif TDEBUG
 328:     exit(status);
 329: }
 330: 
 331: /*
 332:  * could use pipe() for this if flock() worked on pipes
 333:  */
 334: lockfile(fd)
 335:     int fd[2];
 336: {
 337:     char tmpname[20];
 338: 
 339:     strcpy(tmpname, "/tmp/dumplockXXXXXX");
 340:     mktemp(tmpname);
 341:     if ((fd[1] = creat(tmpname, 0400)) < 0) {
 342:         msg("Could not create lockfile ");
 343:         perror(tmpname);
 344:         dumpabort();
 345:     }
 346:     if ((fd[0] = open(tmpname, 0)) < 0) {
 347:         msg("Could not reopen lockfile ");
 348:         perror(tmpname);
 349:         dumpabort();
 350:     }
 351:     unlink(tmpname);
 352: }
 353: 
 354: enslave()
 355: {
 356:     int first[2], prev[2], next[2], cmd[2];     /* file descriptors */
 357:     register int i, j;
 358: 
 359:     master = getpid();
 360:     signal(SIGTERM, dumpabort); /* Slave sends SIGTERM on dumpabort() */
 361:     signal(SIGPIPE, sigpipe);
 362:     signal(SIGUSR1, tperror);    /* Slave sends SIGUSR1 on tape errors */
 363:     lockfile(first);
 364:     for (i = 0; i < SLAVES; i++) {
 365:         if (i == 0) {
 366:             prev[0] = first[1];
 367:             prev[1] = first[0];
 368:         } else {
 369:             prev[0] = next[0];
 370:             prev[1] = next[1];
 371:             flock(prev[1], LOCK_EX);
 372:         }
 373:         if (i < SLAVES - 1) {
 374:             lockfile(next);
 375:         } else {
 376:             next[0] = first[0];
 377:             next[1] = first[1];     /* Last slave loops back */
 378:         }
 379:         if (pipe(cmd) < 0 || (slavepid[i] = fork()) < 0) {
 380:             msg("too many slaves, %d (recompile smaller) ", i);
 381:             perror("");
 382:             dumpabort();
 383:         }
 384:         slavefd[i] = cmd[1];
 385:         if (slavepid[i] == 0) {         /* Slave starts up here */
 386:             for (j = 0; j <= i; j++)
 387:                 close(slavefd[j]);
 388:             signal(SIGINT, SIG_IGN);    /* Master handles this */
 389:             doslave(cmd[0], prev, next);
 390:             Exit(X_FINOK);
 391:         }
 392:         close(cmd[0]);
 393:         if (i > 0) {
 394:             close(prev[0]);
 395:             close(prev[1]);
 396:         }
 397:     }
 398:     close(first[0]);
 399:     close(first[1]);
 400:     master = 0; rotor = 0;
 401: }
 402: 
 403: killall()
 404: {
 405:     register int i;
 406: 
 407:     for (i = 0; i < SLAVES; i++)
 408:         if (slavepid[i] > 0)
 409:             kill(slavepid[i], SIGKILL);
 410: }
 411: 
 412: /*
 413:  * Synchronization - each process has a lockfile, and shares file
 414:  * descriptors to the following process's lockfile.  When our write
 415:  * completes, we release our lock on the following process's lock-
 416:  * file, allowing the following process to lock it and proceed. We
 417:  * get the lock back for the next cycle by swapping descriptors.
 418:  */
 419: doslave(cmd, prev, next)
 420:     register int cmd, prev[2], next[2];
 421: {
 422:     register int nread, toggle = 0;
 423: 
 424:     close(fi);
 425:     if ((fi = open(disk, 0)) < 0) {     /* Need our own seek pointer */
 426:         perror("  DUMP: slave couldn't reopen disk");
 427:         dumpabort();
 428:     }
 429:     /*
 430: 	 * Get list of blocks to dump, read the blocks into tape buffer
 431: 	 */
 432:     while ((nread = atomic(read, cmd, req, reqsiz)) == reqsiz) {
 433:         register struct req *p = req;
 434:         for (trecno = 0; trecno < ntrec; trecno += p->count, p += p->count) {
 435:             if (p->dblk) {
 436:                 bread(p->dblk, tblock[trecno],
 437:                     p->count * TP_BSIZE);
 438:             } else {
 439:                 if (p->count != 1 || atomic(read, cmd,
 440:                     tblock[trecno], TP_BSIZE) != TP_BSIZE) {
 441:                     msg("Master/slave protocol botched.\n");
 442:                     dumpabort();
 443:                 }
 444:             }
 445:         }
 446:         flock(prev[toggle], LOCK_EX);   /* Wait our turn */
 447: 
 448: #ifdef RDUMP
 449:         if ((host ? rmtwrite(tblock[0], writesize)
 450:             : write(to, tblock[0], writesize)) != writesize) {
 451: #else RDUMP
 452:         if (write(to, tblock[0], writesize) != writesize) {
 453: #endif RDUMP
 454:             kill(master, SIGUSR1);
 455:             for (;;)
 456:                 sigpause(0);
 457:         }
 458:         toggle ^= 1;
 459:         flock(next[toggle], LOCK_UN);   /* Next slave's turn */
 460:     }                   /* Also jolts him awake */
 461:     if (nread != 0) {
 462:         perror("  DUMP: error reading command pipe");
 463:         dumpabort();
 464:     }
 465: }
 466: 
 467: /*
 468:  * Since a read from a pipe may not return all we asked for,
 469:  * or a write may not write all we ask if we get a signal,
 470:  * loop until the count is satisfied (or error).
 471:  */
 472: atomic(func, fd, buf, count)
 473:     int (*func)(), fd, count;
 474:     char *buf;
 475: {
 476:     int got, need = count;
 477: 
 478:     while ((got = (*func)(fd, buf, need)) > 0 && (need -= got) > 0)
 479:         buf += got;
 480:     return (got < 0 ? got : count - need);
 481: }

Defined functions

Exit defined in line 323; used 11 times
alloctape defined in line 44; used 1 times
atomic defined in line 472; used 3 times
close_rewind defined in line 190; used 3 times
dmpblk defined in line 83; used 2 times
doslave defined in line 419; used 1 times
enslave defined in line 354; used 1 times
flusht defined in line 145; used 2 times
killall defined in line 403; used 2 times
lockfile defined in line 334; used 2 times
otape defined in line 214; used 2 times
rewind defined in line 165; used 3 times
sigpipe defined in line 125; used 1 times
taprec defined in line 71; used 2 times
tflush defined in line 136; used 1 times
tperror defined in line 105; used 1 times

Defined variables

master defined in line 41; used 6 times
nogripe defined in line 103; used 2 times
req defined in line 34; used 13 times
reqsiz defined in line 35; used 4 times
rotor defined in line 40; used 4 times
sccsid defined in line 8; never used
slavefd defined in line 38; used 4 times
slavepid defined in line 39; used 4 times
tenths defined in line 42; used 2 times
trecno defined in line 16; used 15 times
writesize defined in line 15; used 8 times

Defined struct's

req defined in line 31; used 8 times

Defined macros

SLAVES defined in line 37; used 7 times
Last modified: 1986-05-23
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