1: #ifndef lint
   2: static char sccsid[] = "@(#)compress.c	@(#)compress.c	5.9 (Berkeley) 5/11/86";
   3: #endif not lint
   4: 
   5: /*
   6:  * Compress - data compression program
   7:  */
   8: #define min(a,b)    ((a>b) ? b : a)
   9: 
  10: /*
  11:  * machine variants which require cc -Dmachine:  pdp11, z8000, pcxt
  12:  */
  13: 
  14: /*
  15:  * Set USERMEM to the maximum amount of physical user memory available
  16:  * in bytes.  USERMEM is used to determine the maximum BITS that can be used
  17:  * for compression.
  18:  *
  19:  * SACREDMEM is the amount of physical memory saved for others; compress
  20:  * will hog the rest.
  21:  */
  22: #ifndef SACREDMEM
  23: #define SACREDMEM   0
  24: #endif
  25: 
  26: #ifndef USERMEM
  27: # define USERMEM    450000  /* default user memory */
  28: #endif
  29: 
  30: #ifdef interdata        /* (Perkin-Elmer) */
  31: #define SIGNED_COMPARE_SLOW /* signed compare is slower than unsigned */
  32: #endif
  33: 
  34: #ifdef pdp11
  35: # define BITS   12  /* max bits/code for 16-bit machine */
  36: # define NO_UCHAR   /* also if "unsigned char" functions as signed char */
  37: # undef USERMEM
  38: #endif /* pdp11 */	/* don't forget to compile with -i */
  39: 
  40: #ifdef z8000
  41: # define BITS   12
  42: # undef vax     /* weird preprocessor */
  43: # undef USERMEM
  44: #endif /* z8000 */
  45: 
  46: #ifdef pcxt
  47: # define BITS   12
  48: # undef USERMEM
  49: #endif /* pcxt */
  50: 
  51: #ifdef USERMEM
  52: # if USERMEM >= (433484+SACREDMEM)
  53: #  define PBITS 16
  54: # else
  55: #  if USERMEM >= (229600+SACREDMEM)
  56: #   define PBITS    15
  57: #  else
  58: #   if USERMEM >= (127536+SACREDMEM)
  59: #    define PBITS   14
  60: #   else
  61: #    if USERMEM >= (73464+SACREDMEM)
  62: #     define PBITS  13
  63: #    else
  64: #     define PBITS  12
  65: #    endif
  66: #   endif
  67: #  endif
  68: # endif
  69: # undef USERMEM
  70: #endif /* USERMEM */
  71: 
  72: #ifdef PBITS        /* Preferred BITS for this memory size */
  73: # ifndef BITS
  74: #  define BITS PBITS
  75: # endif BITS
  76: #endif /* PBITS */
  77: 
  78: #if BITS == 16
  79: # define HSIZE  69001       /* 95% occupancy */
  80: #endif
  81: #if BITS == 15
  82: # define HSIZE  35023       /* 94% occupancy */
  83: #endif
  84: #if BITS == 14
  85: # define HSIZE  18013       /* 91% occupancy */
  86: #endif
  87: #if BITS == 13
  88: # define HSIZE  9001        /* 91% occupancy */
  89: #endif
  90: #if BITS <= 12
  91: # define HSIZE  5003        /* 80% occupancy */
  92: #endif
  93: 
  94: #ifdef M_XENIX          /* Stupid compiler can't handle arrays with */
  95: # if BITS == 16         /* more than 65535 bytes - so we fake it */
  96: #  define XENIX_16
  97: # else
  98: #  if BITS > 13         /* Code only handles BITS = 12, 13, or 16 */
  99: #   define BITS 13
 100: #  endif
 101: # endif
 102: #endif
 103: 
 104: /*
 105:  * a code_int must be able to hold 2**BITS values of type int, and also -1
 106:  */
 107: #if BITS > 15
 108: typedef long int    code_int;
 109: #else
 110: typedef int     code_int;
 111: #endif
 112: 
 113: #ifdef SIGNED_COMPARE_SLOW
 114: typedef unsigned long int count_int;
 115: typedef unsigned short int count_short;
 116: #else
 117: typedef long int      count_int;
 118: #endif
 119: 
 120: #ifdef NO_UCHAR
 121:  typedef char   char_type;
 122: #else
 123:  typedef    unsigned char   char_type;
 124: #endif /* UCHAR */
 125: char_type magic_header[] = { "\037\235" };  /* 1F 9D */
 126: 
 127: /* Defines for third byte of header */
 128: #define BIT_MASK    0x1f
 129: #define BLOCK_MASK  0x80
 130: /* Masks 0x40 and 0x20 are free.  I think 0x20 should mean that there is
 131:    a fourth header byte (for expansion).
 132: */
 133: #define INIT_BITS 9         /* initial number of bits/code */
 134: 
 135: /*
 136:  * compress.c - File compression ala IEEE Computer, June 1984.
 137:  *
 138:  * Authors:	Spencer W. Thomas	(decvax!utah-cs!thomas)
 139:  *		Jim McKie		(decvax!mcvax!jim)
 140:  *		Steve Davies		(decvax!vax135!petsd!peora!srd)
 141:  *		Ken Turkowski		(decvax!decwrl!turtlevax!ken)
 142:  *		James A. Woods		(decvax!ihnp4!ames!jaw)
 143:  *		Joe Orost		(decvax!vax135!petsd!joe)
 144:  *
 145:  * $Header: compress.c,v 4.0 85/07/30 12:50:00 joe Release $
 146:  * $Log:	compress.c,v $
 147:  * Revision 4.0  85/07/30  12:50:00  joe
 148:  * Removed ferror() calls in output routine on every output except first.
 149:  * Prepared for release to the world.
 150:  *
 151:  * Revision 3.6  85/07/04  01:22:21  joe
 152:  * Remove much wasted storage by overlaying hash table with the tables
 153:  * used by decompress: tab_suffix[1<<BITS], stack[8000].  Updated USERMEM
 154:  * computations.  Fixed dump_tab() DEBUG routine.
 155:  *
 156:  * Revision 3.5  85/06/30  20:47:21  jaw
 157:  * Change hash function to use exclusive-or.  Rip out hash cache.  These
 158:  * speedups render the megamemory version defunct, for now.  Make decoder
 159:  * stack global.  Parts of the RCS trunks 2.7, 2.6, and 2.1 no longer apply.
 160:  *
 161:  * Revision 3.4  85/06/27  12:00:00  ken
 162:  * Get rid of all floating-point calculations by doing all compression ratio
 163:  * calculations in fixed point.
 164:  *
 165:  * Revision 3.3  85/06/24  21:53:24  joe
 166:  * Incorporate portability suggestion for M_XENIX.  Got rid of text on #else
 167:  * and #endif lines.  Cleaned up #ifdefs for vax and interdata.
 168:  *
 169:  * Revision 3.2  85/06/06  21:53:24  jaw
 170:  * Incorporate portability suggestions for Z8000, IBM PC/XT from mailing list.
 171:  * Default to "quiet" output (no compression statistics).
 172:  *
 173:  * Revision 3.1  85/05/12  18:56:13  jaw
 174:  * Integrate decompress() stack speedups (from early pointer mods by McKie).
 175:  * Repair multi-file USERMEM gaffe.  Unify 'force' flags to mimic semantics
 176:  * of SVR2 'pack'.  Streamline block-compress table clear logic.  Increase
 177:  * output byte count by magic number size.
 178:  *
 179:  * Revision 3.0   84/11/27  11:50:00  petsd!joe
 180:  * Set HSIZE depending on BITS.  Set BITS depending on USERMEM.  Unrolled
 181:  * loops in clear routines.  Added "-C" flag for 2.0 compatibility.  Used
 182:  * unsigned compares on Perkin-Elmer.  Fixed foreground check.
 183:  *
 184:  * Revision 2.7   84/11/16  19:35:39  ames!jaw
 185:  * Cache common hash codes based on input statistics; this improves
 186:  * performance for low-density raster images.  Pass on #ifdef bundle
 187:  * from Turkowski.
 188:  *
 189:  * Revision 2.6   84/11/05  19:18:21  ames!jaw
 190:  * Vary size of hash tables to reduce time for small files.
 191:  * Tune PDP-11 hash function.
 192:  *
 193:  * Revision 2.5   84/10/30  20:15:14  ames!jaw
 194:  * Junk chaining; replace with the simpler (and, on the VAX, faster)
 195:  * double hashing, discussed within.  Make block compression standard.
 196:  *
 197:  * Revision 2.4   84/10/16  11:11:11  ames!jaw
 198:  * Introduce adaptive reset for block compression, to boost the rate
 199:  * another several percent.  (See mailing list notes.)
 200:  *
 201:  * Revision 2.3   84/09/22  22:00:00  petsd!joe
 202:  * Implemented "-B" block compress.  Implemented REVERSE sorting of tab_next.
 203:  * Bug fix for last bits.  Changed fwrite to putchar loop everywhere.
 204:  *
 205:  * Revision 2.2   84/09/18  14:12:21  ames!jaw
 206:  * Fold in news changes, small machine typedef from thomas,
 207:  * #ifdef interdata from joe.
 208:  *
 209:  * Revision 2.1   84/09/10  12:34:56  ames!jaw
 210:  * Configured fast table lookup for 32-bit machines.
 211:  * This cuts user time in half for b <= FBITS, and is useful for news batching
 212:  * from VAX to PDP sites.  Also sped up decompress() [fwrite->putc] and
 213:  * added signal catcher [plus beef in writeerr()] to delete effluvia.
 214:  *
 215:  * Revision 2.0   84/08/28  22:00:00  petsd!joe
 216:  * Add check for foreground before prompting user.  Insert maxbits into
 217:  * compressed file.  Force file being uncompressed to end with ".Z".
 218:  * Added "-c" flag and "zcat".  Prepared for release.
 219:  *
 220:  * Revision 1.10  84/08/24  18:28:00  turtlevax!ken
 221:  * Will only compress regular files (no directories), added a magic number
 222:  * header (plus an undocumented -n flag to handle old files without headers),
 223:  * added -f flag to force overwriting of possibly existing destination file,
 224:  * otherwise the user is prompted for a response.  Will tack on a .Z to a
 225:  * filename if it doesn't have one when decompressing.  Will only replace
 226:  * file if it was compressed.
 227:  *
 228:  * Revision 1.9  84/08/16  17:28:00  turtlevax!ken
 229:  * Removed scanargs(), getopt(), added .Z extension and unlimited number of
 230:  * filenames to compress.  Flags may be clustered (-Ddvb12) or separated
 231:  * (-D -d -v -b 12), or combination thereof.  Modes and other status is
 232:  * copied with copystat().  -O bug for 4.2 seems to have disappeared with
 233:  * 1.8.
 234:  *
 235:  * Revision 1.8  84/08/09  23:15:00  joe
 236:  * Made it compatible with vax version, installed jim's fixes/enhancements
 237:  *
 238:  * Revision 1.6  84/08/01  22:08:00  joe
 239:  * Sped up algorithm significantly by sorting the compress chain.
 240:  *
 241:  * Revision 1.5  84/07/13  13:11:00  srd
 242:  * Added C version of vax asm routines.  Changed structure to arrays to
 243:  * save much memory.  Do unsigned compares where possible (faster on
 244:  * Perkin-Elmer)
 245:  *
 246:  * Revision 1.4  84/07/05  03:11:11  thomas
 247:  * Clean up the code a little and lint it.  (Lint complains about all
 248:  * the regs used in the asm, but I'm not going to "fix" this.)
 249:  *
 250:  * Revision 1.3  84/07/05  02:06:54  thomas
 251:  * Minor fixes.
 252:  *
 253:  * Revision 1.2  84/07/05  00:27:27  thomas
 254:  * Add variable bit length output.
 255:  *
 256:  */
 257: static char rcs_ident[] = "$Header: compress.c,v 4.0 85/07/30 12:50:00 joe Release $";
 258: 
 259: #include <stdio.h>
 260: #include <ctype.h>
 261: #include <signal.h>
 262: #include <sys/types.h>
 263: #include <sys/stat.h>
 264: #ifdef notdef
 265: #include <sys/ioctl.h>
 266: #endif
 267: 
 268: #define ARGVAL() (*++(*argv) || (--argc && *++argv))
 269: 
 270: int n_bits;             /* number of bits/code */
 271: int maxbits = BITS;         /* user settable max # bits/code */
 272: code_int maxcode;           /* maximum code, given n_bits */
 273: code_int maxmaxcode = 1 << BITS;    /* should NEVER generate this code */
 274: #ifdef COMPATIBLE       /* But wrong! */
 275: # define MAXCODE(n_bits)    (1 << (n_bits) - 1)
 276: #else
 277: # define MAXCODE(n_bits)    ((1 << (n_bits)) - 1)
 278: #endif /* COMPATIBLE */
 279: 
 280: #ifdef XENIX_16
 281: count_int htab0[8192];
 282: count_int htab1[8192];
 283: count_int htab2[8192];
 284: count_int htab3[8192];
 285: count_int htab4[8192];
 286: count_int htab5[8192];
 287: count_int htab6[8192];
 288: count_int htab7[8192];
 289: count_int htab8[HSIZE-65536];
 290: count_int * htab[9] = {
 291:     htab0, htab1, htab2, htab3, htab4, htab5, htab6, htab7, htab8 };
 292: 
 293: #define htabof(i)   (htab[(i) >> 13][(i) & 0x1fff])
 294: unsigned short code0tab[16384];
 295: unsigned short code1tab[16384];
 296: unsigned short code2tab[16384];
 297: unsigned short code3tab[16384];
 298: unsigned short code4tab[16384];
 299: unsigned short * codetab[5] = {
 300:     code0tab, code1tab, code2tab, code3tab, code4tab };
 301: 
 302: #define codetabof(i)    (codetab[(i) >> 14][(i) & 0x3fff])
 303: 
 304: #else   /* Normal machine */
 305: 
 306: #ifdef sel  /* gould base register braindamage */
 307: /*NOBASE*/
 308: count_int htab [HSIZE];
 309: unsigned short codetab [HSIZE];
 310: /*NOBASE*/
 311: #else
 312: count_int htab [HSIZE];
 313: unsigned short codetab [HSIZE];
 314: #endif sel
 315: 
 316: #define htabof(i)   htab[i]
 317: #define codetabof(i)    codetab[i]
 318: #endif	/* XENIX_16 */
 319: code_int hsize = HSIZE;         /* for dynamic table sizing */
 320: count_int fsize;
 321: 
 322: /*
 323:  * To save much memory, we overlay the table used by compress() with those
 324:  * used by decompress().  The tab_prefix table is the same size and type
 325:  * as the codetab.  The tab_suffix table needs 2**BITS characters.  We
 326:  * get this from the beginning of htab.  The output stack uses the rest
 327:  * of htab, and contains characters.  There is plenty of room for any
 328:  * possible stack (stack used to be 8000 characters).
 329:  */
 330: 
 331: #define tab_prefixof(i) codetabof(i)
 332: #ifdef XENIX_16
 333: # define tab_suffixof(i)    ((char_type *)htab[(i)>>15])[(i) & 0x7fff]
 334: # define de_stack       ((char_type *)(htab2))
 335: #else   /* Normal machine */
 336: # define tab_suffixof(i)    ((char_type *)(htab))[i]
 337: # define de_stack       ((char_type *)&tab_suffixof(1<<BITS))
 338: #endif	/* XENIX_16 */
 339: 
 340: code_int free_ent = 0;          /* first unused entry */
 341: int exit_stat = 0;          /* per-file status */
 342: int perm_stat = 0;          /* permanent status */
 343: 
 344: code_int getcode();
 345: 
 346: Usage() {
 347: #ifdef DEBUG
 348: fprintf(stderr,"Usage: compress [-dDVfc] [-b maxbits] [file ...]\n");
 349: }
 350: int debug = 0;
 351: #else
 352: fprintf(stderr,"Usage: compress [-fvc] [-b maxbits] [file ...]\n");
 353: }
 354: #endif /* DEBUG */
 355: int nomagic = 0;    /* Use a 3-byte magic number header, unless old file */
 356: int zcat_flg = 0;   /* Write output on stdout, suppress messages */
 357: int precious = 1;   /* Don't unlink output file on interrupt */
 358: int quiet = 1;      /* don't tell me about compression */
 359: 
 360: /*
 361:  * block compression parameters -- after all codes are used up,
 362:  * and compression rate changes, start over.
 363:  */
 364: int block_compress = BLOCK_MASK;
 365: int clear_flg = 0;
 366: long int ratio = 0;
 367: #define CHECK_GAP 10000 /* ratio check interval */
 368: count_int checkpoint = CHECK_GAP;
 369: /*
 370:  * the next two codes should not be changed lightly, as they must not
 371:  * lie within the contiguous general code space.
 372:  */
 373: #define FIRST   257 /* first free entry */
 374: #define CLEAR   256 /* table clear output code */
 375: 
 376: int force = 0;
 377: char ofname [100];
 378: #ifdef DEBUG
 379: int verbose = 0;
 380: #endif /* DEBUG */
 381: int (*oldint)();
 382: int bgnd_flag;
 383: 
 384: int do_decomp = 0;
 385: 
 386: /*****************************************************************
 387:  * TAG( main )
 388:  *
 389:  * Algorithm from "A Technique for High Performance Data Compression",
 390:  * Terry A. Welch, IEEE Computer Vol 17, No 6 (June 1984), pp 8-19.
 391:  *
 392:  * Usage: compress [-dfvc] [-b bits] [file ...]
 393:  * Inputs:
 394:  *	-d:	    If given, decompression is done instead.
 395:  *
 396:  *      -c:         Write output on stdout, don't remove original.
 397:  *
 398:  *      -b:         Parameter limits the max number of bits/code.
 399:  *
 400:  *	-f:	    Forces output file to be generated, even if one already
 401:  *		    exists, and even if no space is saved by compressing.
 402:  *		    If -f is not used, the user will be prompted if stdin is
 403:  *		    a tty, otherwise, the output file will not be overwritten.
 404:  *
 405:  *      -v:	    Write compression statistics
 406:  *
 407:  * 	file ...:   Files to be compressed.  If none specified, stdin
 408:  *		    is used.
 409:  * Outputs:
 410:  *	file.Z:	    Compressed form of file with same mode, owner, and utimes
 411:  * 	or stdout   (if stdin used as input)
 412:  *
 413:  * Assumptions:
 414:  *	When filenames are given, replaces with the compressed version
 415:  *	(.Z suffix) only if the file decreases in size.
 416:  * Algorithm:
 417:  * 	Modified Lempel-Ziv method (LZW).  Basically finds common
 418:  * substrings and replaces them with a variable size code.  This is
 419:  * deterministic, and can be done on the fly.  Thus, the decompression
 420:  * procedure needs no input table, but tracks the way the table was built.
 421:  */
 422: 
 423: main( argc, argv )
 424: register int argc; char **argv;
 425: {
 426:     int overwrite = 0;  /* Do not overwrite unless given -f flag */
 427:     char tempname[100];
 428:     char **filelist, **fileptr;
 429:     char *cp, *rindex(), *malloc();
 430:     struct stat statbuf;
 431:     extern onintr(), oops();
 432: 
 433:     /* This bg check only works for sh. */
 434:     if ( (oldint = signal ( SIGINT, SIG_IGN )) != SIG_IGN ) {
 435:     signal ( SIGINT, onintr );
 436:     signal ( SIGSEGV, oops );
 437:     }
 438:     bgnd_flag = oldint != SIG_DFL;
 439: #ifdef notdef     /* This works for csh but we don't want it. */
 440:     { int tgrp;
 441:     if (bgnd_flag == 0 && ioctl(2, TIOCGPGRP, (char *)&tgrp) == 0 &&
 442:       getpgrp(0) != tgrp)
 443:     bgnd_flag = 1;
 444:     }
 445: #endif
 446: 
 447: #ifdef COMPATIBLE
 448:     nomagic = 1;    /* Original didn't have a magic number */
 449: #endif /* COMPATIBLE */
 450: 
 451:     filelist = fileptr = (char **)(malloc(argc * sizeof(*argv)));
 452:     *filelist = NULL;
 453: 
 454:     if((cp = rindex(argv[0], '/')) != 0) {
 455:     cp++;
 456:     } else {
 457:     cp = argv[0];
 458:     }
 459:     if(strcmp(cp, "uncompress") == 0) {
 460:     do_decomp = 1;
 461:     } else if(strcmp(cp, "zcat") == 0) {
 462:     do_decomp = 1;
 463:     zcat_flg = 1;
 464:     }
 465: 
 466: #ifdef BSD4_2
 467:     /* 4.2BSD dependent - take it out if not */
 468:     setlinebuf( stderr );
 469: #endif /* BSD4_2 */
 470: 
 471:     /* Argument Processing
 472:      * All flags are optional.
 473:      * -D => debug
 474:      * -V => print Version; debug verbose
 475:      * -d => do_decomp
 476:      * -v => unquiet
 477:      * -f => force overwrite of output file
 478:      * -n => no header: useful to uncompress old files
 479:      * -b maxbits => maxbits.  If -b is specified, then maxbits MUST be
 480:      *	    given also.
 481:      * -c => cat all output to stdout
 482:      * -C => generate output compatible with compress 2.0.
 483:      * if a string is left, must be an input filename.
 484:      */
 485:     for (argc--, argv++; argc > 0; argc--, argv++) {
 486:     if (**argv == '-') {    /* A flag argument */
 487:         while (*++(*argv)) {    /* Process all flags in this arg */
 488:         switch (**argv) {
 489: #ifdef DEBUG
 490:             case 'D':
 491:             debug = 1;
 492:             break;
 493:             case 'V':
 494:             verbose = 1;
 495:             version();
 496:             break;
 497: #else
 498:             case 'V':
 499:             version();
 500:             break;
 501: #endif /* DEBUG */
 502:             case 'v':
 503:             quiet = 0;
 504:             break;
 505:             case 'd':
 506:             do_decomp = 1;
 507:             break;
 508:             case 'f':
 509:             case 'F':
 510:             overwrite = 1;
 511:             force = 1;
 512:             break;
 513:             case 'n':
 514:             nomagic = 1;
 515:             break;
 516:             case 'C':
 517:             block_compress = 0;
 518:             break;
 519:             case 'b':
 520:             if (!ARGVAL()) {
 521:                 fprintf(stderr, "Missing maxbits\n");
 522:                 Usage();
 523:                 exit(1);
 524:             }
 525:             maxbits = atoi(*argv);
 526:             goto nextarg;
 527:             case 'c':
 528:             zcat_flg = 1;
 529:             break;
 530:             case 'q':
 531:             quiet = 1;
 532:             break;
 533:             default:
 534:             fprintf(stderr, "Unknown flag: '%c'; ", **argv);
 535:             Usage();
 536:             exit(1);
 537:         }
 538:         }
 539:     }
 540:     else {      /* Input file name */
 541:         *fileptr++ = *argv; /* Build input file list */
 542:         *fileptr = NULL;
 543:         /* process nextarg; */
 544:     }
 545:     nextarg: continue;
 546:     }
 547: 
 548:     if(maxbits < INIT_BITS) maxbits = INIT_BITS;
 549:     if (maxbits > BITS) maxbits = BITS;
 550:     maxmaxcode = 1 << maxbits;
 551: 
 552:     if (*filelist != NULL) {
 553:     for (fileptr = filelist; *fileptr; fileptr++) {
 554:         exit_stat = 0;
 555:         if (do_decomp) {            /* DECOMPRESSION */
 556:         /* Check for .Z suffix */
 557:         if (strcmp(*fileptr + strlen(*fileptr) - 2, ".Z") != 0) {
 558:             /* No .Z: tack one on */
 559:             strcpy(tempname, *fileptr);
 560:             strcat(tempname, ".Z");
 561:             *fileptr = tempname;
 562:         }
 563:         /* Open input file */
 564:         if ((freopen(*fileptr, "r", stdin)) == NULL) {
 565:             perror(*fileptr);
 566:             perm_stat = 1;
 567:             continue;
 568:         }
 569:         /* Check the magic number */
 570:         if (nomagic == 0) {
 571:             if ((getchar() != (magic_header[0] & 0xFF))
 572:              || (getchar() != (magic_header[1] & 0xFF))) {
 573:             fprintf(stderr, "%s: not in compressed format\n",
 574:                 *fileptr);
 575:             continue;
 576:             }
 577:             maxbits = getchar();    /* set -b from file */
 578:             block_compress = maxbits & BLOCK_MASK;
 579:             maxbits &= BIT_MASK;
 580:             maxmaxcode = 1 << maxbits;
 581:             if(maxbits > BITS) {
 582:             fprintf(stderr,
 583:             "%s: compressed with %d bits, can only handle %d bits\n",
 584:             *fileptr, maxbits, BITS);
 585:             continue;
 586:             }
 587:         }
 588:         /* Generate output filename */
 589:         strcpy(ofname, *fileptr);
 590:         ofname[strlen(*fileptr) - 2] = '\0';  /* Strip off .Z */
 591:         } else {                    /* COMPRESSION */
 592:         if (strcmp(*fileptr + strlen(*fileptr) - 2, ".Z") == 0) {
 593:                 fprintf(stderr, "%s: already has .Z suffix -- no change\n",
 594:                 *fileptr);
 595:             continue;
 596:         }
 597:         /* Open input file */
 598:         if ((freopen(*fileptr, "r", stdin)) == NULL) {
 599:             perror(*fileptr);
 600:             perm_stat = 1;
 601:             continue;
 602:         }
 603:         stat ( *fileptr, &statbuf );
 604:         fsize = (long) statbuf.st_size;
 605:         /*
 606: 		 * tune hash table size for small files -- ad hoc,
 607: 		 * but the sizes match earlier #defines, which
 608: 		 * serve as upper bounds on the number of output codes.
 609: 		 */
 610:         hsize = HSIZE;
 611:         if ( fsize < (1 << 12) )
 612:             hsize = min ( 5003, HSIZE );
 613:         else if ( fsize < (1 << 13) )
 614:             hsize = min ( 9001, HSIZE );
 615:         else if ( fsize < (1 << 14) )
 616:             hsize = min ( 18013, HSIZE );
 617:         else if ( fsize < (1 << 15) )
 618:             hsize = min ( 35023, HSIZE );
 619:         else if ( fsize < 47000 )
 620:             hsize = min ( 50021, HSIZE );
 621: 
 622:         /* Generate output filename */
 623:         strcpy(ofname, *fileptr);
 624: #ifndef BSD4_2      /* Short filenames */
 625:         if ((cp=rindex(ofname,'/')) != NULL)    cp++;
 626:         else                    cp = ofname;
 627:         if (strlen(cp) > 12) {
 628:             fprintf(stderr,"%s: filename too long to tack on .Z\n",cp);
 629:             continue;
 630:         }
 631: #endif  /* BSD4_2		Long filenames allowed */
 632:         strcat(ofname, ".Z");
 633:         }
 634:         /* Check for overwrite of existing file */
 635:         if (overwrite == 0 && zcat_flg == 0) {
 636:         if (stat(ofname, &statbuf) == 0) {
 637:             char response[2];
 638:             response[0] = 'n';
 639:             fprintf(stderr, "%s already exists;", ofname);
 640:             if (bgnd_flag == 0 && isatty(2)) {
 641:             fprintf(stderr, " do you wish to overwrite %s (y or n)? ",
 642:             ofname);
 643:             fflush(stderr);
 644:             read(2, response, 2);
 645:             while (response[1] != '\n') {
 646:                 if (read(2, response+1, 1) < 0) {   /* Ack! */
 647:                 perror("stderr"); break;
 648:                 }
 649:             }
 650:             }
 651:             if (response[0] != 'y') {
 652:             fprintf(stderr, "\tnot overwritten\n");
 653:             continue;
 654:             }
 655:         }
 656:         }
 657:         if(zcat_flg == 0) {     /* Open output file */
 658:         if (freopen(ofname, "w", stdout) == NULL) {
 659:             perror(ofname);
 660:             perm_stat = 1;
 661:             continue;
 662:         }
 663:         precious = 0;
 664:         if(!quiet)
 665:             fprintf(stderr, "%s: ", *fileptr);
 666:         }
 667: 
 668:         /* Actually do the compression/decompression */
 669:         if (do_decomp == 0) compress();
 670: #ifndef DEBUG
 671:         else            decompress();
 672: #else
 673:         else if (debug == 0)    decompress();
 674:         else            printcodes();
 675:         if (verbose)        dump_tab();
 676: #endif /* DEBUG */
 677:         if(zcat_flg == 0) {
 678:         copystat(*fileptr, ofname); /* Copy stats */
 679:         precious = 1;
 680:         if((exit_stat == 1) || (!quiet))
 681:             putc('\n', stderr);
 682:         }
 683:     }
 684:     } else {        /* Standard input */
 685:     if (do_decomp == 0) {
 686:         compress();
 687: #ifdef DEBUG
 688:         if(verbose)     dump_tab();
 689: #endif /* DEBUG */
 690:         if(!quiet)
 691:             putc('\n', stderr);
 692:     } else {
 693:         /* Check the magic number */
 694:         if (nomagic == 0) {
 695:         if ((getchar()!=(magic_header[0] & 0xFF))
 696:          || (getchar()!=(magic_header[1] & 0xFF))) {
 697:             fprintf(stderr, "stdin: not in compressed format\n");
 698:             exit(1);
 699:         }
 700:         maxbits = getchar();    /* set -b from file */
 701:         block_compress = maxbits & BLOCK_MASK;
 702:         maxbits &= BIT_MASK;
 703:         maxmaxcode = 1 << maxbits;
 704:         fsize = 100000;     /* assume stdin large for USERMEM */
 705:         if(maxbits > BITS) {
 706:             fprintf(stderr,
 707:             "stdin: compressed with %d bits, can only handle %d bits\n",
 708:             maxbits, BITS);
 709:             exit(1);
 710:         }
 711:         }
 712: #ifndef DEBUG
 713:         decompress();
 714: #else
 715:         if (debug == 0) decompress();
 716:         else        printcodes();
 717:         if (verbose)    dump_tab();
 718: #endif /* DEBUG */
 719:     }
 720:     }
 721:     exit(perm_stat ? perm_stat : exit_stat);
 722: }
 723: 
 724: static int offset;
 725: long int in_count = 1;          /* length of input */
 726: long int bytes_out;         /* length of compressed output */
 727: long int out_count = 0;         /* # of codes output (for debugging) */
 728: 
 729: /*
 730:  * compress stdin to stdout
 731:  *
 732:  * Algorithm:  use open addressing double hashing (no chaining) on the
 733:  * prefix code / next character combination.  We do a variant of Knuth's
 734:  * algorithm D (vol. 3, sec. 6.4) along with G. Knott's relatively-prime
 735:  * secondary probe.  Here, the modular division first probe is gives way
 736:  * to a faster exclusive-or manipulation.  Also do block compression with
 737:  * an adaptive reset, whereby the code table is cleared when the compression
 738:  * ratio decreases, but after the table fills.  The variable-length output
 739:  * codes are re-sized at this point, and a special CLEAR code is generated
 740:  * for the decompressor.  Late addition:  construct the table according to
 741:  * file size for noticeable speed improvement on small files.  Please direct
 742:  * questions about this implementation to ames!jaw.
 743:  */
 744: 
 745: compress() {
 746:     register long fcode;
 747:     register code_int i = 0;
 748:     register int c;
 749:     register code_int ent;
 750: #ifdef XENIX_16
 751:     register code_int disp;
 752: #else   /* Normal machine */
 753:     register int disp;
 754: #endif
 755:     register code_int hsize_reg;
 756:     register int hshift;
 757: 
 758: #ifndef COMPATIBLE
 759:     if (nomagic == 0) {
 760:     putchar(magic_header[0]); putchar(magic_header[1]);
 761:     putchar((char)(maxbits | block_compress));
 762:     if(ferror(stdout))
 763:         writeerr();
 764:     }
 765: #endif /* COMPATIBLE */
 766: 
 767:     offset = 0;
 768:     bytes_out = 3;      /* includes 3-byte header mojo */
 769:     out_count = 0;
 770:     clear_flg = 0;
 771:     ratio = 0;
 772:     in_count = 1;
 773:     checkpoint = CHECK_GAP;
 774:     maxcode = MAXCODE(n_bits = INIT_BITS);
 775:     free_ent = ((block_compress) ? FIRST : 256 );
 776: 
 777:     ent = getchar ();
 778: 
 779:     hshift = 0;
 780:     for ( fcode = (long) hsize;  fcode < 65536L; fcode *= 2L )
 781:         hshift++;
 782:     hshift = 8 - hshift;        /* set hash code range bound */
 783: 
 784:     hsize_reg = hsize;
 785:     cl_hash( (count_int) hsize_reg);        /* clear hash table */
 786: 
 787: #ifdef SIGNED_COMPARE_SLOW
 788:     while ( (c = getchar()) != (unsigned) EOF ) {
 789: #else
 790:     while ( (c = getchar()) != EOF ) {
 791: #endif
 792:     in_count++;
 793:     fcode = (long) (((long) c << maxbits) + ent);
 794:     i = ((c << hshift) ^ ent);  /* xor hashing */
 795: 
 796:     if ( htabof (i) == fcode ) {
 797:         ent = codetabof (i);
 798:         continue;
 799:     } else if ( (long)htabof (i) < 0 )  /* empty slot */
 800:         goto nomatch;
 801:     disp = hsize_reg - i;       /* secondary hash (after G. Knott) */
 802:     if ( i == 0 )
 803:         disp = 1;
 804: probe:
 805:     if ( (i -= disp) < 0 )
 806:         i += hsize_reg;
 807: 
 808:     if ( htabof (i) == fcode ) {
 809:         ent = codetabof (i);
 810:         continue;
 811:     }
 812:     if ( (long)htabof (i) > 0 )
 813:         goto probe;
 814: nomatch:
 815:     output ( (code_int) ent );
 816:     out_count++;
 817:     ent = c;
 818: #ifdef SIGNED_COMPARE_SLOW
 819:     if ( (unsigned) free_ent < (unsigned) maxmaxcode) {
 820: #else
 821:     if ( free_ent < maxmaxcode ) {
 822: #endif
 823:         codetabof (i) = free_ent++; /* code -> hashtable */
 824:         htabof (i) = fcode;
 825:     }
 826:     else if ( (count_int)in_count >= checkpoint && block_compress )
 827:         cl_block ();
 828:     }
 829:     /*
 830:      * Put out the final code.
 831:      */
 832:     output( (code_int)ent );
 833:     out_count++;
 834:     output( (code_int)-1 );
 835: 
 836:     /*
 837:      * Print out stats on stderr
 838:      */
 839:     if(zcat_flg == 0 && !quiet) {
 840: #ifdef DEBUG
 841:     fprintf( stderr,
 842:         "%ld chars in, %ld codes (%ld bytes) out, compression factor: ",
 843:         in_count, out_count, bytes_out );
 844:     prratio( stderr, in_count, bytes_out );
 845:     fprintf( stderr, "\n");
 846:     fprintf( stderr, "\tCompression as in compact: " );
 847:     prratio( stderr, in_count-bytes_out, in_count );
 848:     fprintf( stderr, "\n");
 849:     fprintf( stderr, "\tLargest code (of last block) was %d (%d bits)\n",
 850:         free_ent - 1, n_bits );
 851: #else /* !DEBUG */
 852:     fprintf( stderr, "Compression: " );
 853:     prratio( stderr, in_count-bytes_out, in_count );
 854: #endif /* DEBUG */
 855:     }
 856:     if(bytes_out > in_count)    /* exit(2) if no savings */
 857:     exit_stat = 2;
 858:     return;
 859: }
 860: 
 861: /*****************************************************************
 862:  * TAG( output )
 863:  *
 864:  * Output the given code.
 865:  * Inputs:
 866:  * 	code:	A n_bits-bit integer.  If == -1, then EOF.  This assumes
 867:  *		that n_bits =< (long)wordsize - 1.
 868:  * Outputs:
 869:  * 	Outputs code to the file.
 870:  * Assumptions:
 871:  *	Chars are 8 bits long.
 872:  * Algorithm:
 873:  * 	Maintain a BITS character long buffer (so that 8 codes will
 874:  * fit in it exactly).  Use the VAX insv instruction to insert each
 875:  * code in turn.  When the buffer fills up empty it and start over.
 876:  */
 877: 
 878: static char buf[BITS];
 879: 
 880: #ifndef vax
 881: char_type lmask[9] = {0xff, 0xfe, 0xfc, 0xf8, 0xf0, 0xe0, 0xc0, 0x80, 0x00};
 882: char_type rmask[9] = {0x00, 0x01, 0x03, 0x07, 0x0f, 0x1f, 0x3f, 0x7f, 0xff};
 883: #endif /* vax */
 884: 
 885: output( code )
 886: code_int  code;
 887: {
 888: #ifdef DEBUG
 889:     static int col = 0;
 890: #endif /* DEBUG */
 891: 
 892:     /*
 893:      * On the VAX, it is important to have the register declarations
 894:      * in exactly the order given, or the asm will break.
 895:      */
 896:     register int r_off = offset, bits= n_bits;
 897:     register char * bp = buf;
 898: 
 899: #ifdef DEBUG
 900:     if ( verbose )
 901:         fprintf( stderr, "%5d%c", code,
 902:             (col+=6) >= 74 ? (col = 0, '\n') : ' ' );
 903: #endif /* DEBUG */
 904:     if ( code >= 0 ) {
 905: #ifdef vax
 906:     /* VAX DEPENDENT!! Implementation on other machines is below.
 907: 	 *
 908: 	 * Translation: Insert BITS bits from the argument starting at
 909: 	 * offset bits from the beginning of buf.
 910: 	 */
 911:     0;  /* Work around for pcc -O bug with asm and if stmt */
 912:     asm( "insv	4(ap),r11,r10,(r9)" );
 913: #else /* not a vax */
 914: /*
 915:  * byte/bit numbering on the VAX is simulated by the following code
 916:  */
 917:     /*
 918: 	 * Get to the first byte.
 919: 	 */
 920:     bp += (r_off >> 3);
 921:     r_off &= 7;
 922:     /*
 923: 	 * Since code is always >= 8 bits, only need to mask the first
 924: 	 * hunk on the left.
 925: 	 */
 926:     *bp = (*bp & rmask[r_off]) | (code << r_off) & lmask[r_off];
 927:     bp++;
 928:     bits -= (8 - r_off);
 929:     code >>= 8 - r_off;
 930:     /* Get any 8 bit parts in the middle (<=1 for up to 16 bits). */
 931:     if ( bits >= 8 ) {
 932:         *bp++ = code;
 933:         code >>= 8;
 934:         bits -= 8;
 935:     }
 936:     /* Last bits. */
 937:     if(bits)
 938:         *bp = code;
 939: #endif /* vax */
 940:     offset += n_bits;
 941:     if ( offset == (n_bits << 3) ) {
 942:         bp = buf;
 943:         bits = n_bits;
 944:         bytes_out += bits;
 945:         do
 946:         putchar(*bp++);
 947:         while(--bits);
 948:         offset = 0;
 949:     }
 950: 
 951:     /*
 952: 	 * If the next entry is going to be too big for the code size,
 953: 	 * then increase it, if possible.
 954: 	 */
 955:     if ( free_ent > maxcode || (clear_flg > 0))
 956:     {
 957:         /*
 958: 	     * Write the whole buffer, because the input side won't
 959: 	     * discover the size increase until after it has read it.
 960: 	     */
 961:         if ( offset > 0 ) {
 962:         if( fwrite( buf, 1, n_bits, stdout ) != n_bits)
 963:             writeerr();
 964:         bytes_out += n_bits;
 965:         }
 966:         offset = 0;
 967: 
 968:         if ( clear_flg ) {
 969:                 maxcode = MAXCODE (n_bits = INIT_BITS);
 970:             clear_flg = 0;
 971:         }
 972:         else {
 973:             n_bits++;
 974:             if ( n_bits == maxbits )
 975:             maxcode = maxmaxcode;
 976:             else
 977:             maxcode = MAXCODE(n_bits);
 978:         }
 979: #ifdef DEBUG
 980:         if ( debug ) {
 981:         fprintf( stderr, "\nChange to %d bits\n", n_bits );
 982:         col = 0;
 983:         }
 984: #endif /* DEBUG */
 985:     }
 986:     } else {
 987:     /*
 988: 	 * At EOF, write the rest of the buffer.
 989: 	 */
 990:     if ( offset > 0 )
 991:         fwrite( buf, 1, (offset + 7) / 8, stdout );
 992:     bytes_out += (offset + 7) / 8;
 993:     offset = 0;
 994:     fflush( stdout );
 995: #ifdef DEBUG
 996:     if ( verbose )
 997:         fprintf( stderr, "\n" );
 998: #endif /* DEBUG */
 999:     if( ferror( stdout ) )
1000:         writeerr();
1001:     }
1002: }
1003: 
1004: /*
1005:  * Decompress stdin to stdout.  This routine adapts to the codes in the
1006:  * file building the "string" table on-the-fly; requiring no table to
1007:  * be stored in the compressed file.  The tables used herein are shared
1008:  * with those of the compress() routine.  See the definitions above.
1009:  */
1010: 
1011: decompress() {
1012:     register char_type *stackp;
1013:     register int finchar;
1014:     register code_int code, oldcode, incode;
1015: 
1016:     /*
1017:      * As above, initialize the first 256 entries in the table.
1018:      */
1019:     maxcode = MAXCODE(n_bits = INIT_BITS);
1020:     for ( code = 255; code >= 0; code-- ) {
1021:     tab_prefixof(code) = 0;
1022:     tab_suffixof(code) = (char_type)code;
1023:     }
1024:     free_ent = ((block_compress) ? FIRST : 256 );
1025: 
1026:     finchar = oldcode = getcode();
1027:     if(oldcode == -1)   /* EOF already? */
1028:     return;         /* Get out of here */
1029:     putchar( (char)finchar );       /* first code must be 8 bits = char */
1030:     if(ferror(stdout))      /* Crash if can't write */
1031:     writeerr();
1032:     stackp = de_stack;
1033: 
1034:     while ( (code = getcode()) > -1 ) {
1035: 
1036:     if ( (code == CLEAR) && block_compress ) {
1037:         for ( code = 255; code >= 0; code-- )
1038:         tab_prefixof(code) = 0;
1039:         clear_flg = 1;
1040:         free_ent = FIRST - 1;
1041:         if ( (code = getcode ()) == -1 )    /* O, untimely death! */
1042:         break;
1043:     }
1044:     incode = code;
1045:     /*
1046: 	 * Special case for KwKwK string.
1047: 	 */
1048:     if ( code >= free_ent ) {
1049:             *stackp++ = finchar;
1050:         code = oldcode;
1051:     }
1052: 
1053:     /*
1054: 	 * Generate output characters in reverse order
1055: 	 */
1056: #ifdef SIGNED_COMPARE_SLOW
1057:     while ( ((unsigned long)code) >= ((unsigned long)256) ) {
1058: #else
1059:     while ( code >= 256 ) {
1060: #endif
1061:         *stackp++ = tab_suffixof(code);
1062:         code = tab_prefixof(code);
1063:     }
1064:     *stackp++ = finchar = tab_suffixof(code);
1065: 
1066:     /*
1067: 	 * And put them out in forward order
1068: 	 */
1069:     do
1070:         putchar ( *--stackp );
1071:     while ( stackp > de_stack );
1072: 
1073:     /*
1074: 	 * Generate the new entry.
1075: 	 */
1076:     if ( (code=free_ent) < maxmaxcode ) {
1077:         tab_prefixof(code) = (unsigned short)oldcode;
1078:         tab_suffixof(code) = finchar;
1079:         free_ent = code+1;
1080:     }
1081:     /*
1082: 	 * Remember previous code.
1083: 	 */
1084:     oldcode = incode;
1085:     }
1086:     fflush( stdout );
1087:     if(ferror(stdout))
1088:     writeerr();
1089: }
1090: 
1091: /*****************************************************************
1092:  * TAG( getcode )
1093:  *
1094:  * Read one code from the standard input.  If EOF, return -1.
1095:  * Inputs:
1096:  * 	stdin
1097:  * Outputs:
1098:  * 	code or -1 is returned.
1099:  */
1100: 
1101: code_int
1102: getcode() {
1103:     /*
1104:      * On the VAX, it is important to have the register declarations
1105:      * in exactly the order given, or the asm will break.
1106:      */
1107:     register code_int code;
1108:     static int offset = 0, size = 0;
1109:     static char_type buf[BITS];
1110:     register int r_off, bits;
1111:     register char_type *bp = buf;
1112: 
1113:     if ( clear_flg > 0 || offset >= size || free_ent > maxcode ) {
1114:     /*
1115: 	 * If the next entry will be too big for the current code
1116: 	 * size, then we must increase the size.  This implies reading
1117: 	 * a new buffer full, too.
1118: 	 */
1119:     if ( free_ent > maxcode ) {
1120:         n_bits++;
1121:         if ( n_bits == maxbits )
1122:         maxcode = maxmaxcode;   /* won't get any bigger now */
1123:         else
1124:         maxcode = MAXCODE(n_bits);
1125:     }
1126:     if ( clear_flg > 0) {
1127:             maxcode = MAXCODE (n_bits = INIT_BITS);
1128:         clear_flg = 0;
1129:     }
1130:     size = fread( buf, 1, n_bits, stdin );
1131:     if ( size <= 0 )
1132:         return -1;          /* end of file */
1133:     offset = 0;
1134:     /* Round size down to integral number of codes */
1135:     size = (size << 3) - (n_bits - 1);
1136:     }
1137:     r_off = offset;
1138:     bits = n_bits;
1139: #ifdef vax
1140:     asm( "extzv   r10,r9,(r8),r11" );
1141: #else /* not a vax */
1142:     /*
1143: 	 * Get to the first byte.
1144: 	 */
1145:     bp += (r_off >> 3);
1146:     r_off &= 7;
1147:     /* Get first part (low order bits) */
1148: #ifdef NO_UCHAR
1149:     code = ((*bp++ >> r_off) & rmask[8 - r_off]) & 0xff;
1150: #else
1151:     code = (*bp++ >> r_off);
1152: #endif /* NO_UCHAR */
1153:     bits -= (8 - r_off);
1154:     r_off = 8 - r_off;      /* now, offset into code word */
1155:     /* Get any 8 bit parts in the middle (<=1 for up to 16 bits). */
1156:     if ( bits >= 8 ) {
1157: #ifdef NO_UCHAR
1158:         code |= (*bp++ & 0xff) << r_off;
1159: #else
1160:         code |= *bp++ << r_off;
1161: #endif /* NO_UCHAR */
1162:         r_off += 8;
1163:         bits -= 8;
1164:     }
1165:     /* high order bits. */
1166:     code |= (*bp & rmask[bits]) << r_off;
1167: #endif /* vax */
1168:     offset += n_bits;
1169: 
1170:     return code;
1171: }
1172: 
1173: char *
1174: rindex(s, c)        /* For those who don't have it in libc.a */
1175: register char *s, c;
1176: {
1177:     char *p;
1178:     for (p = NULL; *s; s++)
1179:         if (*s == c)
1180:         p = s;
1181:     return(p);
1182: }
1183: 
1184: #ifdef DEBUG
1185: printcodes()
1186: {
1187:     /*
1188:      * Just print out codes from input file.  For debugging.
1189:      */
1190:     code_int code;
1191:     int col = 0, bits;
1192: 
1193:     bits = n_bits = INIT_BITS;
1194:     maxcode = MAXCODE(n_bits);
1195:     free_ent = ((block_compress) ? FIRST : 256 );
1196:     while ( ( code = getcode() ) >= 0 ) {
1197:     if ( (code == CLEAR) && block_compress ) {
1198:         free_ent = FIRST - 1;
1199:         clear_flg = 1;
1200:     }
1201:     else if ( free_ent < maxmaxcode )
1202:         free_ent++;
1203:     if ( bits != n_bits ) {
1204:         fprintf(stderr, "\nChange to %d bits\n", n_bits );
1205:         bits = n_bits;
1206:         col = 0;
1207:     }
1208:     fprintf(stderr, "%5d%c", code, (col+=6) >= 74 ? (col = 0, '\n') : ' ' );
1209:     }
1210:     putc( '\n', stderr );
1211:     exit( 0 );
1212: }
1213: 
1214: code_int sorttab[1<<BITS];  /* sorted pointers into htab */
1215: 
1216: dump_tab()  /* dump string table */
1217: {
1218:     register int i, first;
1219:     register ent;
1220: #define STACK_SIZE  15000
1221:     int stack_top = STACK_SIZE;
1222:     register c;
1223: 
1224:     if(do_decomp == 0) {    /* compressing */
1225:     register int flag = 1;
1226: 
1227:     for(i=0; i<hsize; i++) {    /* build sort pointers */
1228:         if((long)htabof(i) >= 0) {
1229:             sorttab[codetabof(i)] = i;
1230:         }
1231:     }
1232:     first = block_compress ? FIRST : 256;
1233:     for(i = first; i < free_ent; i++) {
1234:         fprintf(stderr, "%5d: \"", i);
1235:         de_stack[--stack_top] = '\n';
1236:         de_stack[--stack_top] = '"';
1237:         stack_top = in_stack((htabof(sorttab[i])>>maxbits)&0xff,
1238:                                      stack_top);
1239:         for(ent=htabof(sorttab[i]) & ((1<<maxbits)-1);
1240:             ent > 256;
1241:             ent=htabof(sorttab[ent]) & ((1<<maxbits)-1)) {
1242:             stack_top = in_stack(htabof(sorttab[ent]) >> maxbits,
1243:                         stack_top);
1244:         }
1245:         stack_top = in_stack(ent, stack_top);
1246:         fwrite( &de_stack[stack_top], 1, STACK_SIZE-stack_top, stderr);
1247:         stack_top = STACK_SIZE;
1248:     }
1249:    } else if(!debug) {  /* decompressing */
1250: 
1251:        for ( i = 0; i < free_ent; i++ ) {
1252:        ent = i;
1253:        c = tab_suffixof(ent);
1254:        if ( isascii(c) && isprint(c) )
1255:            fprintf( stderr, "%5d: %5d/'%c'  \"",
1256:                ent, tab_prefixof(ent), c );
1257:        else
1258:            fprintf( stderr, "%5d: %5d/\\%03o \"",
1259:                ent, tab_prefixof(ent), c );
1260:        de_stack[--stack_top] = '\n';
1261:        de_stack[--stack_top] = '"';
1262:        for ( ; ent != NULL;
1263:            ent = (ent >= FIRST ? tab_prefixof(ent) : NULL) ) {
1264:            stack_top = in_stack(tab_suffixof(ent), stack_top);
1265:        }
1266:        fwrite( &de_stack[stack_top], 1, STACK_SIZE - stack_top, stderr );
1267:        stack_top = STACK_SIZE;
1268:        }
1269:     }
1270: }
1271: 
1272: int
1273: in_stack(c, stack_top)
1274:     register c, stack_top;
1275: {
1276:     if ( (isascii(c) && isprint(c) && c != '\\') || c == ' ' ) {
1277:         de_stack[--stack_top] = c;
1278:     } else {
1279:         switch( c ) {
1280:         case '\n': de_stack[--stack_top] = 'n'; break;
1281:         case '\t': de_stack[--stack_top] = 't'; break;
1282:         case '\b': de_stack[--stack_top] = 'b'; break;
1283:         case '\f': de_stack[--stack_top] = 'f'; break;
1284:         case '\r': de_stack[--stack_top] = 'r'; break;
1285:         case '\\': de_stack[--stack_top] = '\\'; break;
1286:         default:
1287:         de_stack[--stack_top] = '0' + c % 8;
1288:         de_stack[--stack_top] = '0' + (c / 8) % 8;
1289:         de_stack[--stack_top] = '0' + c / 64;
1290:         break;
1291:         }
1292:         de_stack[--stack_top] = '\\';
1293:     }
1294:     return stack_top;
1295: }
1296: #endif /* DEBUG */
1297: 
1298: writeerr()
1299: {
1300:     perror ( ofname );
1301:     unlink ( ofname );
1302:     exit ( 1 );
1303: }
1304: 
1305: copystat(ifname, ofname)
1306: char *ifname, *ofname;
1307: {
1308:     struct stat statbuf;
1309:     int mode;
1310:     time_t timep[2];
1311: 
1312:     fclose(stdout);
1313:     if (stat(ifname, &statbuf)) {       /* Get stat on input file */
1314:     perror(ifname);
1315:     return;
1316:     }
1317:     if ((statbuf.st_mode & S_IFMT/*0170000*/) != S_IFREG/*0100000*/) {
1318:     if(quiet)
1319:             fprintf(stderr, "%s: ", ifname);
1320:     fprintf(stderr, " -- not a regular file: unchanged");
1321:     exit_stat = 1;
1322:     perm_stat = 1;
1323:     } else if (statbuf.st_nlink > 1) {
1324:     if(quiet)
1325:             fprintf(stderr, "%s: ", ifname);
1326:     fprintf(stderr, " -- has %d other links: unchanged",
1327:         statbuf.st_nlink - 1);
1328:     exit_stat = 1;
1329:     perm_stat = 1;
1330:     } else if (exit_stat == 2 && (!force)) { /* No compression: remove file.Z */
1331:     if(!quiet)
1332:         fprintf(stderr, " -- file unchanged");
1333:     } else {            /* ***** Successful Compression ***** */
1334:     exit_stat = 0;
1335:     mode = statbuf.st_mode & 07777;
1336:     if (chmod(ofname, mode))        /* Copy modes */
1337:         perror(ofname);
1338:     chown(ofname, statbuf.st_uid, statbuf.st_gid);  /* Copy ownership */
1339:     timep[0] = statbuf.st_atime;
1340:     timep[1] = statbuf.st_mtime;
1341:     utime(ofname, timep);   /* Update last accessed and modified times */
1342:     if (unlink(ifname)) /* Remove input file */
1343:         perror(ifname);
1344:     if(!quiet)
1345:         fprintf(stderr, " -- replaced with %s", ofname);
1346:     return;     /* Successful return */
1347:     }
1348: 
1349:     /* Unsuccessful return -- one of the tests failed */
1350:     if (unlink(ofname))
1351:     perror(ofname);
1352: }
1353: 
1354: onintr ( )
1355: {
1356:     if (!precious)
1357:     unlink ( ofname );
1358:     exit ( 1 );
1359: }
1360: 
1361: oops ( )    /* wild pointer -- assume bad input */
1362: {
1363:     if ( do_decomp )
1364:         fprintf ( stderr, "uncompress: corrupt input\n" );
1365:     unlink ( ofname );
1366:     exit ( 1 );
1367: }
1368: 
1369: cl_block ()     /* table clear for block compress */
1370: {
1371:     register long int rat;
1372: 
1373:     checkpoint = in_count + CHECK_GAP;
1374: #ifdef DEBUG
1375:     if ( debug ) {
1376:             fprintf ( stderr, "count: %ld, ratio: ", in_count );
1377:             prratio ( stderr, in_count, bytes_out );
1378:         fprintf ( stderr, "\n");
1379:     }
1380: #endif /* DEBUG */
1381: 
1382:     if(in_count > 0x007fffff) { /* shift will overflow */
1383:     rat = bytes_out >> 8;
1384:     if(rat == 0) {      /* Don't divide by zero */
1385:         rat = 0x7fffffff;
1386:     } else {
1387:         rat = in_count / rat;
1388:     }
1389:     } else {
1390:     rat = (in_count << 8) / bytes_out;  /* 8 fractional bits */
1391:     }
1392:     if ( rat > ratio ) {
1393:     ratio = rat;
1394:     } else {
1395:     ratio = 0;
1396: #ifdef DEBUG
1397:     if(verbose)
1398:         dump_tab(); /* dump string table */
1399: #endif
1400:     cl_hash ( (count_int) hsize );
1401:     free_ent = FIRST;
1402:     clear_flg = 1;
1403:     output ( (code_int) CLEAR );
1404: #ifdef DEBUG
1405:     if(debug)
1406:             fprintf ( stderr, "clear\n" );
1407: #endif /* DEBUG */
1408:     }
1409: }
1410: 
1411: cl_hash(hsize)      /* reset code table */
1412:     register count_int hsize;
1413: {
1414: #ifndef XENIX_16    /* Normal machine */
1415:     register count_int *htab_p = htab+hsize;
1416: #else
1417:     register j;
1418:     register long k = hsize;
1419:     register count_int *htab_p;
1420: #endif
1421:     register long i;
1422:     register long m1 = -1;
1423: 
1424: #ifdef XENIX_16
1425:     for(j=0; j<=8 && k>=0; j++,k-=8192) {
1426:     i = 8192;
1427:     if(k < 8192) {
1428:         i = k;
1429:     }
1430:     htab_p = &(htab[j][i]);
1431:     i -= 16;
1432:     if(i > 0) {
1433: #else
1434:     i = hsize - 16;
1435: #endif
1436:     do {                /* might use Sys V memset(3) here */
1437:         *(htab_p-16) = m1;
1438:         *(htab_p-15) = m1;
1439:         *(htab_p-14) = m1;
1440:         *(htab_p-13) = m1;
1441:         *(htab_p-12) = m1;
1442:         *(htab_p-11) = m1;
1443:         *(htab_p-10) = m1;
1444:         *(htab_p-9) = m1;
1445:         *(htab_p-8) = m1;
1446:         *(htab_p-7) = m1;
1447:         *(htab_p-6) = m1;
1448:         *(htab_p-5) = m1;
1449:         *(htab_p-4) = m1;
1450:         *(htab_p-3) = m1;
1451:         *(htab_p-2) = m1;
1452:         *(htab_p-1) = m1;
1453:         htab_p -= 16;
1454:     } while ((i -= 16) >= 0);
1455: #ifdef XENIX_16
1456:     }
1457:     }
1458: #endif
1459:         for ( i += 16; i > 0; i-- )
1460:         *--htab_p = m1;
1461: }
1462: 
1463: prratio(stream, num, den)
1464: FILE *stream;
1465: long int num, den;
1466: {
1467:     register int q;         /* Doesn't need to be long */
1468: 
1469:     if(num > 214748L) {     /* 2147483647/10000 */
1470:         q = num / (den / 10000L);
1471:     } else {
1472:         q = 10000L * num / den;     /* Long calculations, though */
1473:     }
1474:     if (q < 0) {
1475:         putc('-', stream);
1476:         q = -q;
1477:     }
1478:     fprintf(stream, "%d.%02d%%", q / 100, q % 100);
1479: }
1480: 
1481: version()
1482: {
1483:     fprintf(stderr, "%s, Berkeley 5.9 5/11/86\n", rcs_ident);
1484:     fprintf(stderr, "Options: ");
1485: #ifdef vax
1486:     fprintf(stderr, "vax, ");
1487: #endif
1488: #ifdef NO_UCHAR
1489:     fprintf(stderr, "NO_UCHAR, ");
1490: #endif
1491: #ifdef SIGNED_COMPARE_SLOW
1492:     fprintf(stderr, "SIGNED_COMPARE_SLOW, ");
1493: #endif
1494: #ifdef XENIX_16
1495:     fprintf(stderr, "XENIX_16, ");
1496: #endif
1497: #ifdef COMPATIBLE
1498:     fprintf(stderr, "COMPATIBLE, ");
1499: #endif
1500: #ifdef DEBUG
1501:     fprintf(stderr, "DEBUG, ");
1502: #endif
1503: #ifdef BSD4_2
1504:     fprintf(stderr, "BSD4_2, ");
1505: #endif
1506:     fprintf(stderr, "BITS = %d\n", BITS);
1507: }

Defined functions

Usage defined in line 346; used 2 times
cl_block defined in line 1369; used 1 times
cl_hash defined in line 1411; used 2 times
compress defined in line 745; used 2 times
copystat defined in line 1305; used 1 times
decompress defined in line 1011; used 4 times
dump_tab defined in line 1216; used 4 times
getcode defined in line 1101; used 5 times
in_stack defined in line 1272; used 4 times
main defined in line 423; never used
onintr defined in line 1354; used 2 times
oops defined in line 1361; used 2 times
output defined in line 885; used 4 times
printcodes defined in line 1185; used 2 times
prratio defined in line 1463; used 4 times
rindex defined in line 1173; used 3 times
version defined in line 1481; used 2 times
writeerr defined in line 1298; used 5 times

Defined variables

bgnd_flag defined in line 382; used 4 times
block_compress defined in line 364; used 11 times
buf defined in line 878; used 7 times
bytes_out defined in line 726; used 12 times
checkpoint defined in line 368; used 3 times
clear_flg defined in line 365; used 10 times
code0tab defined in line 294; used 1 times
code1tab defined in line 295; used 1 times
code2tab defined in line 296; used 1 times
code3tab defined in line 297; used 1 times
code4tab defined in line 298; used 1 times
codetab defined in line 313; used 2 times
debug defined in line 350; used 7 times
do_decomp defined in line 384; used 8 times
exit_stat defined in line 341; used 8 times
force defined in line 376; used 2 times
free_ent defined in line 340; used 20 times
fsize defined in line 320; used 7 times
hsize defined in line 319; used 15 times
htab defined in line 312; used 6 times
htab0 defined in line 281; used 1 times
htab1 defined in line 282; used 1 times
htab2 defined in line 283; used 2 times
htab3 defined in line 284; used 1 times
htab4 defined in line 285; used 1 times
htab5 defined in line 286; used 1 times
htab6 defined in line 287; used 1 times
htab7 defined in line 288; used 1 times
htab8 defined in line 289; used 1 times
in_count defined in line 725; used 16 times
lmask defined in line 881; used 1 times
magic_header defined in line 125; used 6 times
maxbits defined in line 271; used 26 times
maxcode defined in line 272; used 12 times
maxmaxcode defined in line 273; used 9 times
n_bits defined in line 270; used 32 times
nomagic defined in line 355; used 5 times
offset defined in line 724; used 16 times
ofname defined in line 377; used 25 times
out_count defined in line 727; used 4 times
perm_stat defined in line 342; used 7 times
precious defined in line 357; used 3 times
quiet defined in line 358; used 10 times
ratio defined in line 366; used 4 times
rcs_ident defined in line 257; used 1 times
rmask defined in line 882; used 3 times
sccsid defined in line 2; never used
sorttab defined in line 1214; used 5 times
verbose defined in line 379; used 7 times
zcat_flg defined in line 356; used 6 times

Defined typedef's

char_type defined in line 121; used 12 times
code_int defined in line 108; used 20 times
count_int defined in line 114; used 21 times
count_short defined in line 115; never used

Defined macros

ARGVAL defined in line 268; used 1 times
BITS defined in line 99; used 22 times
BIT_MASK defined in line 128; used 2 times
BLOCK_MASK defined in line 129; used 3 times
CHECK_GAP defined in line 367; used 3 times
CLEAR defined in line 374; used 3 times
FIRST defined in line 373; used 8 times
HSIZE defined in line 91; used 12 times
INIT_BITS defined in line 133; used 7 times
MAXCODE defined in line 277; used 7 times
NO_UCHAR defined in line 36; used 4 times
PBITS defined in line 64; used 2 times
SACREDMEM defined in line 23; used 5 times
SIGNED_COMPARE_SLOW defined in line 31; used 5 times
STACK_SIZE defined in line 1220; used 5 times
USERMEM defined in line 27; used 10 times
XENIX_16 defined in line 96; used 7 times
codetabof defined in line 317; used 5 times
de_stack defined in line 337; used 19 times
htabof defined in line 316; used 10 times
min defined in line 8; used 5 times
tab_prefixof defined in line 331; used 7 times
tab_suffixof defined in line 336; used 7 times
Last modified: 1988-10-13
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